citations are under the number of the relevant
General Constitution (1ff.), General Statute
(01ff), Decree (D), Historical Preface (HP),
or Formula of Profession (FP).
|| attention to: "their
pressing pastoral needs" 1. described as:
"The most a., ..are those for whom the Church
has not yet been able to provide sufficient
means of salvation, ..have never heard the
Church's message, .. do not receive it as
the "Good News," and.. those who suffer harm
because of division…" 3; 09; 010; 011; 012;
013; in time of St. Alphonsus: "those in the
country-side" HP; other categories: 3; 4;
||to be used by each "to his own
support and that of others" 64. Cf. Aptitudes
||cf. Self-denial; self-sacrifice;
Redemptorists share in the a. of the cross
of Christ by a total consecration to his mission,
51; in a spirit of a they gladly make way
for local clergy, 011-c. A. is one of the
virtues proper to the apostolic community
|| of acts of general government
of decrees of extraordinary (v)provincial
of general statutes 109-b-2
of (v)provincial. Statutes 0140a, 0141
||from a Chapter 0152-d; from community:
the major superior, for a just reason, "can
permit a member to live outside a house of
the Institute" 0211; other regulations for:
0211; loss of active and passive vote by,
unless absent "for health, study, exercise
of the apostolate of the Institute.." 0211;
of Superiors: 117, 127, 0101, 0105; of consultors:
0126; 0159; 0160.
|| cf. Confirmation
||72, 124-a, 083, 0130, 0137, 1096,
0202. cf. Instructions, Treasurer.
||The Congregation must adapt its
own structures and institutions to its apostolic
needs, 96; to the needs of the Church and
humanity, 107; communities need suitable organisation
and a way of life, capable of being modified,
in accord with what the Church, circumstances
of time and place, particular cultures and
national characteristics require, 44, 45.
The principle of a. is mentioned also in 13,
17, 18, 33, 011, and indirectly in 030, 046c.
||The a. structure of the community
is at service of a spirit of fraternal communion
34, 030. The Superior must be, first of all,
a pastor of souls, then a ruler and a. 039.
A. of temporal goods 144, 0203-0208. Cf. also
0116-a, 0130, 0132, 0134, 0172, 0190, 0191-b,
0193-b. and Business, Temporal Goods, Treasurer.
|| 112, 120, 124-a, 0113, 0166.
|| 79, 85, 86, 062, 077, 078. Cf.
Candidates, Profession (religious).
||cf. Consultation, Council.
||a. are also missionaries, 55;
deserve special attention and care, 034; accept
their condition with generous faith.., sources
of good example for the young, 034.
||between province, vice-province
or region, to be made re reciprocal rights
and duties, 090, 0175; with local ordinary
re reciprocal rights and duties 011d; for
gifts etc. with obligations attached, a civilly
valid contract is required, 0200, 0201. Cf.
||definition, 0193b; limits, D.
of Ben. XV 2b, 0193a, c; recourse for A, 101.
||Set up in Rome; scope is very
closely connected with the purposes of, and
should be maintained and supported by the
whole Congregation, 023.
||Founder of the Congregation,
HP; 1, 2, 33, 90, 108, 05, 011-b; Model and
Father of Redemptorists, 05; Doctor of the
Church, patron of Moralists and Confessors,
HP. His characteristics: apostolic zeal, 2,
33; esp. for conversion of unbelievers HP,
011-b; fidelity to the Church, 33; charism
of spiritual direction, 024; devotion to BVM,
32; spirit of prayer, 26; promotion of studies
and sacred sciences, 90. Confreres revere
A. as model and father, 05, 056; copy his
zeal 2, 33, spirit of prayer 26, his ecclesial
sense, 33, know his life and study his works,
||A. are patrons of the Congregation,
05; Redemptorists carry on the A. work, HP;
live in community imitating A., 22; persevere
in teaching of, 26, in prayer with A. and
Mary, 26, 056; are a. of conversion, 11.
||generic term for evangelisation,
mission, apostolic activity, pastoral care,
etc 1-20, 09-025, 059. Holy Spirit distributes
gifts, charisms for a, 49; a of all the Congregation
143; of Brothers 084a; of O.SS.R. nuns; of
oblates, 02, 085; among unbelievers, 011;
ecumenical, 013; by media of social communication,
022; vocation a, 79,051.
||The a. life of Redemptorists
embraces life of special consecration to God
and to missionary activity, 1. They follow
the example of Christ with a. life, 1; share,
announce His mystery, 20; direct a. zeal to
the faithful, 3; form an a. community, 2,
091, 093. An a. form of life favours pastoral
zeal, 21. Community structures are to be adapted
to the needs of a. ministry. The Eucharist
is source and summit of a. life, 29. Through
Chapters the confreres exercise responsibility
for a. life, 98; reinvigorate it, 107; examine
it 0116; judge a. priorities, 17, renewal
of a. methods, 17, 123, 0140. Cf. Apostolic
life secretariate 025, 0114;
||HP, 3, 13, 14, 15, 18, 21, 25,
28, 38, 45, 53, 55, 72, 86-2a, 90, 125, 136,
141. 01, 011c, 014, 015, 019, 026, 037. 051,
069, 084-a, 093, 094, 0188. Cf. Apostolate,
Apostolic Life, Evangelize, Forms of missionary
||1, 21, 29, 86-2, 88, 98, 107,
114-b, 123, 051-a, 057, 0114, 0116, 0140.
c.f. Apostolate, Apostolic Activity, Evangelize,
Forms of Missionary Activity, Mission Secretariate.
|| cf.. Holy See
||in community 0184; of assistant
treasurer general 0130; of members of house
of St. Alphonsus, Rome 0138b; of officials
of general curia 0127, 0138-b; to office 095,
098. Cf. Designation
||of the CC. and Rules by Benedict
XIV, 25-2-1749, (HP). Of the CC. renewed according
to Vatican II, by the Congregation for Religious
and Secular Institutes, 2-2.1982.
||by councils in general, 0100;
by extraord. Prov. Council 090, 0153-b; by
general council, 17, 090, 0126-b, 0142; by
general government, 067, 081, 083-b, 0175,
0186, 0191-a, 0192, 0193-a; by ordinary, 040;
by (v)prov. Chapter 0140-4; by (v)prov. Council
137-b, 0186; by (v)prov government; by secretariate
for finance 0173, 074; of constitutions, HP,
d of approval; of reports, 0113.
|Approval for Confessions
|| Proclamation, testimony to the
Word in accord with personal a, 10; respect
for persons, their capacity and qualities
so as to give each the possibility of personal
choices, 36; Each, should assume, according
their own a., that part of the work and tasks
which derive from the missionary vocation,
39; the (v)prov. Chapter will investigate
in what works the Brothers may suitably be
engaged in, 084-a.
||of the General curia, 0134, 0138;
of the (v)provincial curia, 0171.
||elected from the members of the
secretariate for finance to act as a. of the
finances of the general financial office,
||Superiors exercise a. in a spirit
of service, 72; they guard the confreres'
rights, 094; ultimately, the Superior has
to choose and order what is to be done, 73-2;
Chapters and Superiors have dominative power,
ecclesiastical jurisdiction in the internal
and external forum, 100; use powers in a collegial
spirit, 100; must seek out and help those
who withdraw from their a., 0212; General
Consultors make effective the a. (power) of
the Superior General, 118. Cf. 15, 86-2b,
115, 121, 134, 026, 094-a, 098, 0100, 0102,
0112, 0169-b, 0172, 0183, 0186, 0190.
|| the fruit of self-denial, a
characteristic of Redemptorists, 15, 18, 20;
a share, by consecration to His mission ,
in the complete a. of Christ, 51; for the
service of others, 54, 18; a. is a requisite
of charity, 031; cf. 127, 057.
||11. 47, 78.
||first b. are our parents; they
deserve special esteem and affection, 035.
||46, 54, 76, 107, FP-I, -II, 011-b,
0202. Cf. Profession (Religious), Vow.
|Books of Administration
||0133, 0206, 0207.
|| community of, 030-032; coadjutor
b., members of the Congregation, 01; share
in the same vocation, 89; and Eucharist, 29;
and training, 89; (v)provincial Chapters must
take care of permanent formation, 089; prefect
of 0169; St. Gerard, special exemplar, 05.
||0113, 0173, 0191-a, 0195, 0197.
Cf. Financial, Temporal Goods, Treasurer.
||in general 101, 0111; of community
0182, 0183; of extraordinary. (v)-provincial
council 0158-a; of general chapter 111; of
Nuns O.Ss.R. 08; of postulator general 0137;
of vice-province 0177; of (v)provincial Chapter
0141, 0193-b; of (v)-provincial government
0162; with gen. govt., 0177, with Holy See,
0128, 0129; Cf. Administration.
||19, 23, 39, 41, 49, 86-2, 014-c,
037. Cf. Vocation,
||c. are those moved by the Spirit,
80; sense themselves called by God to follow
Christ by religious profession, 86; in a Redemptorist
community, 79; as priests, 87; 01; as permanent
deacons, 01, 081-b; as coadjutor brothers,
89, 01. The effectiveness of the Congregation
depends on the number and quality of c, 79;
suitability to be ascertained, 051.
Cf. 78, 81, 054, 036, 057, 062, 063, 077,
|| C. makes faith lively, deepens
understanding, and leads to action, 019.
|Causes of Saints
||12, 32, 028-a, 056.
||57, 58, 59, 055 cf. Chastity.
|Cessation of Office
||general 0134; provincial -0170.
||1. In general. The C. is the
primary institution of the Congregation and
of the (Vice)Province 98; 104; a moral collegial
person, representing all the confreres 122,
104; it meets periodically, 98, for the benefit
of the Congregation, of its government and
its renewal, 98; It has dominative and jurisdictional
2.General Chapter. The g. C. promotes the
good of the whole institute, strengths internal
links, and furthers adaptation to the needs
of the Church and humanity, 104, 107, 111;
examines and judges the state of the Congregation.
In its various aspects, 108, 0116; chooses
the members of General Government, 110; emends
the Constitutions, 109-3; corrects, revises,
abrogates, interprets the Statutes, confirms,
revokes decisions of Gen. Govt., dispenses,
109-2, 102, 119; convoked every six years,
104, 105, emergency exceptions, 0119; composed
of members by office and election; convocation
of extraordinary General Chapter, 104, 0118.
Any confrere can send observations and proposals,
3. (V)provincial C. Prepared for by preparatory
Commission, with collaboration of secretariates
and all confreres, 0149, 0150; the (v)-Provincial
convokes ordinary, 146, and extraordinary
C., 1052-b, by communicating with all confreres,
the General Govt., and (Vice-provincial C.)
with Provincial Government, 0147. Members
to be elected quam primum, 0148; Composed
of members by office and election, 0144; Substitutes
and supplents are to be appointed according.
to DC, 0145,
The C. itself determines its periodicity;
must be convoked at least once each triennium,
0152. Invalid if more than one third of capitulars
are absent, 0152-d. The (v)Provincial Sup.
Is president, 0151; if present the Superior
General opens the plenary session, closes
the final session, and has the right to vote,
0151. Procedure of C., regulated by DC and
(v)Provincial particular law, 0151; convoking
an extraordinary session, 0152-b,c.
Duty to renew, adapt continually the apostolic
life and government of the (v)Province, 123;
All can send observations and proposals, 0150.
Can make, modify, interpret, abrogate (v)-Provincial
Statutes, 0140-a, with a two thirds majority,
0141, with approval of Gen. Council 0142;
can issue decrees, 0140-a, confirm, abrogate
decrees of Superiors and (v)-Provincial. Councils,
0140-f. Examines the state of the (V)-Province,
0140-b; decides apostolic priorities, 17;
lays down norms to decide, within its ambit,
who are more in need of spiritual help, 09-a;
studies how to use the media, 022; promotes
apostolic life, 0140-c; lays down mode of
proceeding in erecting and suppressing houses,
0140-d; chooses times and means apt for promoting
renewal of the Congregation, 084-b;gives attention
to the regular training of the brothers, 084-a;
determines conditions for reception of permanent
For competence in economic matters cf. 144-c,
0140-e, 0192, 0193, 0194.
For other competences, cf. 129, 0154, Limit
re poverty, Decree of Pius X, concl.
||17, 45, 04, 011c, 023, 151b,
||The Holy Spirit grants gifts
and c. for the apostolate, 23, 049; the Superiors
are to judge their nature and proper use,
049; the chief c. are directed to charity,
049; c. of spiritual direction, notable in
S. Alphonsus, is exceptionally important,
024. (V)-provincial Statutes, taking account
of the missionary c. of the Congregation.
In the Church, regulates and favours their
use for human and social progress, 021. Cf.
||1. In community life. C..L. has
to be regulated in accord with the demands
of fraternal c., 22, 38. C. a special subject
for examination in revisio vitae, 038. Fraternal
c. has to include deceased confreres and benefactors,
036. Religious profession binds us to the
exercise of apostolic c. 46; obliges us to
a life of fraternal c, Formula of Profession,
following the mission of Christ, which is
imbued with apostolic c., 48, and is the unifying
principle of our entire life, 52, 54, and
union with God, 53. Candidates must be formed
to fraternal c. as the virtue proper to an
apostolic community, 057. Fraternal c. is
an aid to chastity, 60. Laity working with
us are to be treated with c. and justice,
2. In the apostolate. Redemptorists are men
of fervent c., 20; give witness to c. by prayer
and service, 9; The aim of missionary activity
is to raise up and form communities which
'walk in love,' 12; the greatest work of missionary
c. is bringing the gospel to unbelievers 011;
3. In government. Superiors exercise their
authority, showing their confreres how God
loves them, 72; correct them with all c. 094.
Consultors must keep secrets when c. demands,
0111. Also, 10, 16, 18, 21, 60, 65, 81, 142,
148, 011, 031, 049. Cf. Friendship, Love,.
||Religious c. brings with it the
obligation to perfect continence or celibacy,
signifies and contains the mystery of the
love of Christ, 57. Redemptorists choose c.
for the sake of the Kingdom, 57, 58. To understand
and live the mystery of c., Redemptorists
ask for it in union with the Church, 59, trusting
in the help of the Lord and the patronage
of O.L.P.H. 042. Use of spiritual and natural
helps and means, 59, 60. True fraternal love
in community life safeguards c., 60. Candidates
who have reached sufficient maturity, consecrate
(cf. FP) themselves by a vow of c., 85, 073.
Profession of c. is an answer to the love
of God, 56.
||11, 15, 59, 83, 124-b FP-I,-II,
||7. Cf. Decision.
||1. In the mission of the Congregation,
the end of the Institute is "to follow the
example of Jesus C., the Redeemer, by preaching
the Word of God to the poor," 1, 50, 74, 01.
All Redemptorists are helpers, companions
and minister of Jesus C. in the great work
of Redemption, 2, 6.
Following the example of C., 20, even his
hidden life, 01; they proclaim C. explicitly,
8, and give witness to the charity of C.,
9; they preach the mystery of C. with constancy
and confidence, 10; and his Kingdom, 12.
2. In community life. Redemptorists are gathered
together in the name of C., 34; are called
to continue his presence and mission, and
make him the centre of their lives, 23; gathered
in unity of purpose in C. they readily reach
a decision on what the common good requires
of the entire group, 38.
Docile to the Holy Spirit, who works without
ceasing to conform them to C., they give all
their attention to putting on the new self,
created in the image of C., 25, 41.
They pray without ceasing, following C.'s
exhortation, 26; meet C. especially in the
sacraments , 27, in the Word of God, 28, in
the liturgy, especially the Eucharist where
the whole mystery of C. is present, 29; in
colloquy with C. after communion, and in the
worship of and visits to the Bl. Sacrament,
028; in mental prayer and the Rosary, by which
they contemplate the mysteries of C., 31,
32, 81; the sick, aged, troubled, know how
to follow C. generous accepting in faith their
Redemptorists follow Jesus the Saviour with
joy, 20, walking the same way as C., the way
of virginity, poverty and obedience, 50; they
aim to become, through C. a response to the
Lord "who first loved them," 56, and, incorporated
into C.'s mission, 47, they share in it by
apostolic charity, the principle which unifies
their entire life, 52.
Religious chastity signifies and embodies
the love of C. and his Church, 57; Redemptorists
choose celibacy to dedicate themselves to
God and to the mission of C., 58. As missionaries,
they embrace the poverty of C., 61; imitating
C. who gave them everything, they share all
things, 044., become the sign of that fraternal
life of C.'s disciples, 62.
Following the example of C., members dedicate
their own will to God, 71. Evan- gelical obedience
contributes to the true development of the
human person dedicated to C. and bears witness
before the world to the genuine freedom of
the children of God and to their common union
in C., 75. The chief duty of the Superior
is to serve the community so that its may
be formed and grow in C., 139.
3. In formation. The Spirit of C. raises up
missionaries in the Church, ordinarily he
makes use of human contacts and relationships
to make C.'s invitation known, 80. Candidates
should discover progressively what the following
of C. demands of them, 78, 86-2, 053; they
should seek a life of brotherly union, in
order to hasten the coming of God's Kingdom
in which C. desires to unite all, 81; they
are imitators of C., like St. Paul, 81. Candi-
dates are to be thoroughly trained in how
to seek C., and follow Him with ardent love,
||HP, 12, 34, 44, 78. FP-I, -II,
011, 012, 013, 014-b, 020, 031, 054.
||1. The Congregation shares in
the mission of the C. which is of its nature
missionary, 1; with its own charism, 021,
it carries out its mission in the C., 2, and
is at its service, 18, 19; it is sent to those
for whom the C. has not been able to provide
sufficient means of salvation, 3. The choice
in favour of the poor is the very reason why
the Congregation exists in the C., 5, 1, 3,
4, 010- 013. The special mission of Redemptorists
in the C. is the explicit proclamation of
the word of God to bring about fundamental
conversion 5, 10. Ever following the magisterium
of the C., 6, they have very much at heart
the Founder's way of thinking with the C.,
as a sound criterion for their missionary
service, 33. They must ask themselves whether
the means of evangelisation they employ answer
to what is expected of them by the C. and
the world, 17.
2. Since the C. embraces sinners in its fold,
and is always in need of conversion, 017a,
and must continually preach faith and repentance
to believers, 014, the Congregation directs
its apostolic zeal within the C. among Christians,
12, 014, 010, and non-Christians t, 011; it
builds a truly indigenous C. 011c, among those
who do not accept the C.'s message as good
news, 012, and among brethren separated from
the C. 3, 013.
3. Communities and members do all in their
power to harmonise their own work with the
enterprises of the local and universal C.,
18, despite exemption, they are in fact and
law part of the local c., 04, 18, 93. The
Vice-province is established to serve the
C. especially where a missionary situation
Study sessions should always give consideration
to the needs of the local c., 037. Community
norms should be capable of being modified
according to what the C., … requires,45.1,
The Holy Spirit inspires the members with
a readiness to serve God in the C., 73.1.
4. The members walk the same way as Christ
by vows, with the C., 50. Chastity is a sign
of the mystery of the C., and its love for
Christ, 57-59; members follow those ascetical
norms which have been tested by the C., 60.
5. The Spirit of Christ raises up vocations
in the C., 80. In promoting vocations, Redemptorists
show genuine co-operation with those appointed
for this duty in the universal C., and especially
in dioceses and regions, 050. Members must
be penetrated with a sense of the mystery
of the C. and learn to share its total life
056; devote themselves to the study of theological
and human sciences in compliance with the
wishes of the C., 023. Formation of candidates
must be for the service of the missionary
|Clement M. Hofbauer,
||HP, 05, D. of Pius X concl..
||1. 02, 011c, 020
|| A c. is the assembly of consultors
with a Superior and of which he is both president
and member, 086b. Superiors must exercise
authority in a c. spirit, i.e. with the consultors,
100. In our Congregation (vice) Provincial
Chapters are moral c. persons, 122,133, 0153,
0154. Sometimes the Council and the community
Assembly act as a c. 101, 0123, 0182; the
DS and (vice)-Provincial Statutes determine
the occasions and the procedure, 0125, 0162,
0182. When the Council is acting collegially,
should there be parity in a vote, the voting
is repeated, 0109a.
||If at all possible a capitular
preparatory c. has to be set up, 0149. Its
||44, 54, 014b.
||Unity of purpose in Christ, they
readily reach a decision on what the c. g.
of the entire group requires, 38. Superiors
willingly listen to the members and win their
co-operation for the good of the institute
and of the Church, 72, 049. To each is given
the manifestation of the Spirit for the sake
of the c. g., 92. Superiors pass judgement
on the use of gifts and charisms for the c.
g., 049. The c. g. may demand that a Superior
assume the functions of a lesser superior
of official, 0100.
||The Congregation makes use of
the means of social c. in the service of the
apostolate, 022. The (vice)Provincial can
delegate and sub-delegate his faculties in
so far as they are communicable 0157. C. of
goods between communities and (v)Provinces,
0198, and with the poor, 044.
||Colloquy with the Lord after
Eucharistic c. 028a.
||The congregation unites its members
in fraternal c. 01. The members strive to
enter ever more closely into union with Christ…
the closer their union with him, the stronger
will become their union with each other, 23;
the right and duty to use gifts and charisms
in fraternal c. 049. Evangelical obedience
witnesses before the world to common union
in Christ, 75. The administrative structures
of the community should always be at the service
of a spirit of fraternal c., 030. All the
members, whether living in community or, exceptionally,
living alone, ought to feel in fraternal c
with the (vice)-Province, 026, 027, 093. A
member who has withdrawn from fraternal c.
will be sought out and helped to persevere
in his vocation, 0212. A Province pursues
the ends of the Congregation in c. with other
units of the Institute, 121.
|| The essential law for Redemptorists
is to live and work in fraternal and apostolic
communion, 2, 22, 62, 026, 027.
1. C. in general. Living and working in a
communion of love, having all in common, at
the service of the Gospel, 21, 22, 60, 139,
044. C. is not just a material union of persons,
or an organisation or external administration,
but is also a fraternal communion of minds
and hearts and spirit, 21, 030, 126, 139.
C. must be a genuine brotherhood, 36; The
members must have the same spirit which animated
the apostolic c., 62. The term c. can refer
to the Congregation, the (vice)Provinces,
local and personal community, 22, 026
2. The spiritual basis of c. At the heart
of c. is the person of Christ, especially
in the Eucharist, his presence and that of
his Spirit of love which forms it and sustains
it, 23, 73, 139, 028a. The c. lives in intimate
relationship with he Father, the Son and the
Holy Spirit through faith, the Word and prayer,
26-30, 028. Gathering together in the name
of Christ, brings into being that Gospel friendship
which gives life to the apostolic c., 34.
C. enriches all in their inner spirit and
in the work of evangelization entrusted to
them, 2, 22, 54, 62, 139, 051, and enriches
their vocation, 37. The closer their union
with Christ, the stronger will become their
union with each other, 23. C. prayer gives
expression to the unity of the members, 30.
3. The human basis of c. is a great respect
for persons, their abilities and qualities,
the promotion of their values and the equality
of their rights and obligations, 35, 34-38,
44. The structure of the c.s should promote
a spirit of fraternity, 030
4. Various aspects of community. The c. is
open to the world, 43; it belongs to the ecclesial
community and to the human groups among which
it works, 43, 04; It is dedicated to the service
of the Church and to announcing the message
of salvation, 2-22, 60, 139. The c. aims at
continual progress through constant interior
renewal, 40-42, 038-040; in c. life itself,
041, 048, and in apostolic activity, 041,
136, 0179, 0180.
5. Organisation and government of the community.
C's are houses or residences; they can be
local or personal 091. A (vice)Province is
the union of several houses, 088, 130. At
the head of each c. there is a Superior with
his local council and other officials, 139-140;
0181-0184. The superior gathers his c. periodically
for study and revision of life, 136, 0179.
The c. must make lay down certain norms, in
keeping with its human conditions, 44, to
which all must adhere loyally, 041, meeting
the demands of evangelisation and the requirements
of brotherly love, 22, and adapted to the
missionary task 45.1. Every c. will lay down
for itself opportune rules of life to foster
and maintain its life with reference to prayer,
26-33, 028, to the exercises of mortification,
42, 039, to revision of life, 037-038, 042.2c,
136, to community gatherings, 0179-180, 025a,
90, and for the share of labour which each
should shoulder in accordance with the direction
of the Superior, and his own qualifications
and talents, 39
6. Relations of c. with other c.'s. The members
regard religious c. as fundamental, 43, but
also belong to other c.'s, human, 43, 116,
and ecclesial, 04, 93.
7. Absence from the community. Cf. 0211, 026,
||C, or community celebrations,
are highly commended, 028a.
|| Every confessor, approved by
an ordinary, has jurisdiction for any confrere
wishing to make his c., 040. The members should
often have recourse to sacramental c., 41.
Missionaries lead those who have been converted
to share fully in redemption which is at work
in the liturgy, especially in the sacrament
of reconciliation, 12.
||9, 10, 19, 126, FP-III, 056,
||By Apostolic See: 109-b-3, 116-b,
146; by extraordinary provincial council:
0153-c, 0154; by general chapter, 119; by
general government 0153-a, -b, 0154, 0178;
by (v)-provincial chapter 0140-f, 0154, 0161;
of office: 095-b, 098; of renunciation 097.
||1. History. Founded by St. Alphonsus
in 1732 at Scala, under the title of the Most
Holy Saviour, styled, in 1749, of the Most
Holy Redeemer, and approved by Benedict XIV
on February 25th, 1749. St. Clement Hofbauer,
the Ven. Joseph Passerat and St. John N. Neumann
contributed in particular to its transalpine
and transoceanic development. It is now spread
throughout the whole world. HP.
2. Constitution. The C. is a religious, missionary,
clerical institute, with members of different
rites, pontifically approved, and exempt,
1, 18, 04, 059, whose object is to follow
the example of Jesus Christ by preaching the
Gospel to the poor, 1, 3, 74, thus sharing
in the mission of the Church,1. Preference
for the more urgent pastoral needs or for
evangelisation strictly so called, and an
option in favour of the poor represent the
same raison d'etre of the C.
The C. unites priests, deacons and laity,
2, 01, who live in common, form a single missionary
body, into which they are incorporated by
religious profession, 2, 46. Clerics and laity
may be associated as oblates, 02, 085. The
C. has patrons, 05, a seal and a coat of arms,
06, and a religious habit, 45.4, 07.
3. Apostolic mission. The C. carries out its
mandate with bold initiative and wholehearted
dedication, 13, 14. The members must be free
and ready for this, whether for the different
folk to be evangelised, or for the varied
means to be used, 15. The C. has taken on
its task to serve the Church, 18. It is sent,
in a special way, to those who have not found
in the Church sufficient means of salvation,
3, 010, those who have not received or have
not heard the message of salvation, 3, 011,
012, those who suffer on account of divisions
in the Church, 3, 013, and to the faithful
called to continual conversion, 014.
4. Development. The C. is continually in process
of formation and development, to be ready
to meet the needs of the people to whom its
members preach the Gospel, 82. It s apostolic
end inspires and penetrates the entire formation
programme of its members, 77, on whose quality
and number depend the effective pursuit of
its apostolic mission, 79. Candidates are
to get to know the history and life of the
5. Government. The C. is governed by the common
law of the Church and by particular law, 03.
The general principles embodied in the constitutions
must inspire the entire government of the
C, 91. All members and communities must play
an active and responsible part in the government
of the C.92.
6. Structures and institutions. The C. has
its own structures and institutions, 97-99,
which it must adapt to its apostolic needs,
96. It is made up of (Vice)-provinces, regions
and communities, 97. The chapter is the primary
institution for its government, 98.
7. The entire C. as well as each (vice) province
and community has its own Superior and council,
9. Matters to be transacted with the Holy
See are dealt with through the Procurator
8. Goods of the Congregation. Cf. Temporal
Religious and Secular Institutes
||D of Approval of revised CC;
D. of Pius X; Decree of Benedict XV.
||The B.V. Mary c. herself totally
to the person and work of her Son, 32. By
religious profession the members c. their
personal and community lives to the work of
the gospel, and celibacy for the sake of the
Kingdom, 58; and by obedience dedicate their
own will to God, 71. To remind themselves
of the importance of religious profession
by which they are c. to God, they renew it
twice a year, 080. Also 47, 78. Cf. Baptism.
|| of community, 045;
of consultors, 73-3, 0108a, 0211;
of ecclesiastical authority, 0186;
of general council, 17, 102d, 0162a, 073,
of general government, 70, 062, 0118a;
of local council, 0200;
of provincials 0119;
of supreme moderator, 70;
of (v)provincial government,
of extraordinary. (v)-provincial council,
0666, 099, 012-b-1, 162;
of ordinary (v)-provincial council 86-2-c,
102-c-d, 062, 065, 074, 0157, 0162, 0186,
of (v)-provincial superior 069.
Cf. Approval, Confirmation, Vote.
||The C. approved by the Holy See
constitute our particular law, 03. The General
Chapter cane change the C. by a two thirds
majority of votes, but the change must be
confirmed by the Holy See, 109b3. Either the
General Chapter or the Superiors can dispense
from the C. in a disciplinary matter, 109b1,
20, 102. All the members must observe the
C., 74, and examine themselves on them during
a revision of life, 038. The Decrees on poverty
have the force of C. D. of approval; HP; 71;
73-3, 74, 91, 102, 109, 114c, 125, 144c, D.
of Pius X (concl.), 03, 07, 038, 043, 067,
073, 0115, 0139, 0142.
||98, 120, 131, 060, 064, 070,
081, 089, 0108b, 0118, 0131, 0142, 0159, 0167.
||1. In general. C. represent the
participation of the members in government;
superiors exercise their powers therefore
together with them, 100, 0108. C. have, in
various cases, consultative or deliberate
or collegial votes, 101. C. can insist to
the Superior that he hold meetings at the
prescribed times, 0106. C. are bound to secrecy
For the rules of precedency, see 0210
2. In particular:
a) General c. constitute, with the Superior
General the government of the entire Congregation,
112, 086. Elected by the General Chapter,
they are at least six in number and remain
in office for six years, 110a, 118. For their
election an absolute majority is sufficient,
110b. In the choice of c. regard should be
had to regional representation of the entire
Congregation, 118; 0124. They are members
of the General Chapter, 106, and must promote
the good of the Congregation 118, 0124. Their
competence is listed in the CC and Statutes
and in the Directory of General Government,
b) (Vice)provincial c. With the (Vice)provincial
superior they constitute the government of
a (vice)province, 124, 0158a. They are elected
for three years. The manner of their election
is determined by (vice)-Provincial statutes.
0158b. The ordinary c. are members by office
of the (vice) Provincial Chapter, 144a. Their
competence is listed in the CC, the Statutes,
019-0161, in the Directory of Superiors and
in the (vice)-Provincial Statutes.
c) Local c. Every Superior shall have c. Their
number, and the manner of their appointment
or replacement are determined by the (vice)-Provincial
Statutes, 0181. Their competence is listed
in common Law, in the CC. and in the General
and (vice)-Provincial Statutes, 102b, 0182,
0190, 0193, 0197.
||C. to be paid to the General
Government are fixed by the General Council,
0191b,1. Taxes and c. may be levied on communities
by the (vice)Provincial Council.
||All the members are co-responsible
for carrying out the apostolic Mission of
the Congregation, 73.1, 35, 92; accept their
c. with active and responsible obedience,
72, 048; have the responsibility of collaborating
with the local church, 04; promote the responsibility
of the laity towards their brethren, 020;
promote the maturity and responsibility of
everyone, 36. (Vice)-provincial Statutes are
to give concrete norms on new ways of living
poverty and of taking on personal responsibility
in the matter, 046.2d.
All share the responsibility in the area of
formation, especially the Superiors, 82. Candidates
should be given willing help to assume full
responsibility for the decisions they make,
Members exercise their responsibility in Chapters,
98; all must take an active and responsible
part in the government of the Congregation,
92; consultors are c. in the government of
the Congregation 112, and of all the (vice)-Provinces.
Local Superiors should see themselves as c.
for the good of the entire Province, 139.
||to be regarded as most important,
032, and to be practised by Superiors with
all charity, prudence and fortitude, 094.
||In the CC. and St. the term can
mean: a) the group of consultors of the Superiors;
b) their gathering; c) the group as a college,
if used alone, 086a, in so far as it is an
instrument of consultation with deliberate
or consultative vote.
In general. The Congregation, the (vice)-Provinces,
and the communities are ruled by their respective
Superiors with their c., 99. The Superior
General and the (Vice)-Provincials are presidents
of their respective c., 114b, 125, 133. The
(vice)-Provinces must establish an extraordinary
c. to deal with more important affairs, 0158a.
(Vice)Provincial Statutes are to determine
which matters are to be dealt with by the
c. and which by the community assembly, and
when each of these must act collegially, 0182.
For the mode of procedure of the General and
(vice)Provincial C. cf. 0126 and 0159.
1. The C. as an assembly of the Councillors.
The Superior must convene the consultors so
that they can express heir opinions, 0108.
In certain determined cases the c. must decide
collegially, 101. The Consultors can demand
that the Superior convenes assemblies in due
proper time 0106, and they must come well
2. a. The General C. as a college. It judges
and approves apostolic priorities and their
conformity to the character of the Congregation,
17; approves (vice)-Provincial Statutes and
Decrees concerning the CC. and SS, 0141; decides
on postponement of a General Chapter, 0119;
accepts the resignation of the Superior General
and the Vicar, 0116b, 123; chooses the new
Vicar General or pro-Vicar, 0123a,b; draws
up the Directory of General Government, 0125;
approves the list of substitute General Consultors,
0126; decides which major matters require
the presence of the Superior General or his
Vicar with at least three Consultors, 0126c;
grants dispensations to the whole Congregation,
102e; authentically interprets the SS. and
prescriptions of the Directories, and the
decisions of the General Chapter, suspends
decrees and issues new ones, 119,1, 2, 3;
chooses the major officials of the Curia and
sets up needed and useful bodies, 120; chooses
an auditor of the General economy, 0133; establishes
(vice) Provinces, regroups, modifies or suppresses
them, disposes of the goods of those suppressed,
97, 121, 130, 089; fixes contributions to
be paid to the General Government, 091b.
b. The vice)-Provincial C. as a college. The
extraordinary C. can convoke an extraordinary
session of the (vice)Provincial Chapter, 0152b2;
examines the (vice)Provincial statutes and
passes judgement on them for the General Government,
0142; authentically interprets, or suspends
decision of the relevant chapter and issues
news decrees, 0161, gives permission for the
founding of a community of another Province
within its territory, 0186; approves the Vice
provincial Superior and confirm his Vicar,
0153a,b; accepts their resignation, 0154;
settles the guiding programme for the institutions
of formation, 0168.
The ordinary C. nominates the officials of
the Province and creates such instruments
as it thinks fit, such as secretariates, 129,
arranges the programme of formation for our
priests, 081a, and can allow Superiors to
accept goods to which conditions are attached,
3. The C. as a consultative instrument. In
general. By deliberative vote, can impose
a formal obedience, 73.3; and can assume the
functions of Superiors and lesser officials,
The General C. has a deliberative vote to
convoke an extraordinary General Chapter,
0118a; to dispense an entire Province from
the CC. and G.S., 102d; to set up a novitiate
house, 062a.; has a consultative vote to grant
an indult for someone to live outside community,
The (vice)-Provincial C. gives consent to
the foundation of a house in the territory
of another Province, 0186; lays down norms
concerning studies allowed during the novitiate,
066; gives its consent for the removal of
a superior of a community, 099; for the convoking
of an extraordinary session of the (vice)-Provincial
Chapter, 052b1; gives approval in certain
economic matters, 0174, 0195; gives consent
to admission to novitiate and profession,
062c; and to determine the time and length
of temporary profession, 074, and for transfer
from one category to another. In the Vice-Province,
to grant a dispensation, but the Provincial
is to be informed, 102c.
The local c. gives a deliberate vote, so that
the Superior may accept a benefit with conditions
||In the missionary activity of
the Congregation, 3, 10, 11, 12, 014b, 017.
C. of heart must characterize the entire life
of the member, 41.1; a daily examination of
conscience in common prayer is praiseworthy,
and c. is made more complete in sacramental
confession, 41,2. Continual c. increases availability
for the service of others, 54.
||General: 120, 08, 0125, 0127,
0138b; (v)Provincial 0170-0174 cf. Officials.
|| 011c, 051b.
||Diaconate. Ds. are a part of
the Congregation, 01. The (Vice-)Provincial
Chapter determines the conditions under which
members proceed to the permanent d., 081b.
||41, 50, 55, 76, 117, 127, D.
of Pius X 5, 034, 0123a.
||Charity and prayers for the d.036.
||In general 17, 36, 38. 81, 055,
0110a. Cf. Choice, Judgement.
Appeal against, 101. In community 73.2, 94,
136, 137b. Of apostolic priorities, 17.
Of General Chapter, 102e, 118, 119.1. Of general
Government, 109b2, 0127.
Of national episcopal conferences, 0181b.
Of (v)Prov. chapter 127, 0140a, 0143.
Of (v) prov. consultors, 0160, 0161.
|| These can be issued by the General
Government and the General Chapter, 109.b2,
by the General Council, 119.3, by the (vice)Provincial
Chapter, 137b, 047, 0140a, the (vice)Provincial
extraordinary Council, 0161, 0140f. the General
Government and the (vice)Provincial Government
can remove Superiors by d. 099. D. of the
General Chapter can be suspended by the General
Council, 119.2; those of the (Vice)Provincial
Chapter by the (Vice)Provincial extraordinary
Council, 161. D. and decisions of the (Vice)Provncial
Chapter enter into effect as soon as they
have been promulgated or on the date stated.
They must be observed by all, 74.
A d. of dismissal of a member must be confirmed
by the Holy See and communicated to the person
concerned, 146, 147.
The D. of Pius X and Benedict XV regulate
the vow of poverty, 043.
||1, 2, 13, 32, 34, Chap. III CC.,
78, FP-I,-II, 055, 080. Cf. Consecration
||in general, 0207. Of superior
general, for visitation of (v)-province114c;
for taking part in (v)-provincial. Chapter
0121. Of (v)-provincial superior 0157, and
of sub-delegating the powers ascribed in the
DS: 98; also, 0157. To accept profession,
|| 22, 83.
||145-148 Cf. Separation.
||68, 72, 130.
||D. of Pius X, 9.
||4, 09. Cf. Poor.
||the term signifies nomination
whether by election, declaration or proposal.
For taking part in a General Chapter, cf.
(Vice)provincial Statutes determine the manner
of designating the (Vice)provincial Superior
and his Vicar, 0153, the ordinary and extraordinary
Consultors, 0158b, the local Superior and
his Vicar, 140, 0178, the members of the instruments
of the (Vice)province 129. Cf. also, 124b,
128, 138, 140, 0103, 0164, 0165, 0181. To
designate those responsible for formation
in the Institute the formation secretariate
must be consulted, 0167. Cf. Appointment,
||7. Cf. Calling, Vocation.
||12, 19, 33, 34, 36, 40, 44, 75,
82, 136, 053, 058, Cf. Formation.
|| D. for knowledge of the world,
and for the development of missionary activity,
19, 66. D. between Superiors and confreres,
73, 0155. Fraternal d. for community life,
||16, 011d, 050.
||of Higher College, 083c; of Office
of Communications 0138; of office of statistics,
0134; of Formation, 82, 83, 060, 078, 0167,
0169; cf. Master of novices, Prefect, Teachers.
||in general 119, 03. Of Chapters:
104, 03, 0115, 0117, 0139, 0145, 0151, 0209.
Of General Government: 0125. Of Superiors:
03, 0125, 0156, 0157, 0162, 0163.
||The members can be dismissed
in accordance with the norms of common law.
146, 147; the decree of d. must be communicated
as soon as possible to the one concerned,
giving him the faculty of recourse to the
Holy See, 147. Anyone withdrawing from living
contact with the Institute, shall, if he will
not return, be dismissed in accordance with
the law, 0212. Cf. 86.2d, 148
||who and what, and under what
conditions, may be dispensed, in disciplinary
matters, from Constitutions and Statutes,
102, 109a,1 and b. From Vows: The Supreme
Pontiff, and the Superior General and his
Council dispense from temporary and perpetual
vows, 145. The (Vice)-provincial, by delegation
from the Superior General, and with the consent
of his council can dispense from temporary
|Disposal of Goods
||cf. Temporal Goods.
||028b cf. Liturgy.
||In Church 3, 013; territorial,
||25, 72, 108.
||of beginning of novitiate, 062;
of General Government, 0133, 0134; of office
095b; of profession, 079b; of renunciation
of goods, 70; of (v)province 0171.
|| 5, 30, 64, 72, 82, 114b, 118,
123, 139, 09, 018, 038, 049, 0100, 0120, 0133.
Cf. Function, Obligation, Office, Right, Service,
||Establishment of the e secretariate,
0114, 0131. Economes; cf. Treasurers.
||the e. apostolate is a work of
the Congregation, and the virtues it requires,
||5, 90, 118, 016, 017a, 046b.
|Elapse of time
||0143. Cf. obligation.
||In general: 095, 0164.
of auditors, 0133.
of chapter members: those who are not ex
officio are elected by the confreres,
98, 0144, cf. 122b, 0148, 0152.
of general Council: the Superior General,
his Vicar, the General Councillors are elected
by the General Chapter, 114, 117, 118, and
may be re-elected, 110. Cf. 0124.
of officials of general curia: the General
council chooses the major officials-Procurator,
Treasurer, Secretary, Postulator General,
120, and a replacement for the Vicar General
if there is a vacancy, 0123a, or a substitute,
if there is an temporary impediment, 123b,
of a substitute (v)provincial councillor,
the obligation to accept election, DS, and
what is prescribed in our law regarding election
and the obligation of accepting office and
renouncing it holds equally for aany kind
of designation to office, 0165.
||Norms for admitting persons to,
and reserving for the community, parts of
the houses, to be defined by the legitimate
|| The Congregation has as its
e."to follow the example of Jesus Christ,
the redeemer, by preaching the word of God
to the poor", 1, especially those most in
need and deprived of spiritual help, 1-5,
46. The e. of all missionary activity of the
Congregation is to raise up and develop communities
of the faithful, 12. The apostolic e. of the
Congregation must inspire and permeate the
entire formation process of the members, 77.
To respond to its missionary vocation the
Congregation promotes higher studies in the
sacred sciences, 90; the Alphonsian Academy
was established in Rome for this purpose,
||35, 0210. cf. Tie.
||of a community, 0140d; of a formation
institution, 0167; of government of community,
137; of house, 135; of novitiate, 86.1; of
of region, 97.3. 090; of (v)province, 97.1,
089; of vice-province 131.
|| The mystery of Christ is lived
in the E, 29. Community life is specially
nourished by the E. 27, source and summit
of the entire apostolic life, 29, and means
of fraternal unity, 26. Since the E. expresses
and builds community, con-celebration and
community celebration is strongly encouraged,
as is thanksgving after communion, the visit
to and adoration of the Blessed Sacrament,
028a,. Mental prayer is important: it makes
for more fruitful sharing in the e. mystery,
31. cf. 12, 27, 31.
||Cf. Religious vows.
||HP, 1, 3-5, 6-12, 13-19, 22,
37, 43, 63, 65, 75, 81, 139, 09-015, 021,
032, 044. Cf. Apostolic Activity, Apostolic
Life, Forms of Missionary activity, Gospel,
||of Congregation by General Chapter,
108, 0116a; of Province, by (v)provincial
chapter, 0140; by auditor general, 0133; by
councillors, 0106; by General Council of treasurers
report, 0191; by competent bodies of (v(provincial
treasurers report, 0113; by secretariates,
0114; of (v)provincial budget, 0195.
||to be made daily by members,
41.2; to be made on personal fulfilment of
ones office and on the observance of the CC.
and Statutes, 103, 038.
||P, 1, 71, 044.
||The Congregation enjoys the right
of e. 1, 100, 04; but the individual houses,
in law and fact, are part of the local Church,
04; and must co-operate with it, 18.
|| an apostolic work of the Congregation
from its beginnings with St. Alphonsus and
his companions, HP. The members give s.e.
to every condition of person, 020. They themselves
spend one day a month and eight days annually
in s.e., 029. Other occasions and durations
of s.e. 070, 095f.
||101, 144, 0137, 0173, 0193, 0204,
||60, 82, 86.2, 015, 034, 053,
||60, 051a, 0114, 189.
||83, 051a, 0114, 0189.
||119, 0156, 017, 0161.
||Redemptorists are strong in f.,
20; they develop a spirit of contemplation,
which deepens and strengthens f., 24; they
remain constantly in contact with the word
of God to animate f., 28. They submit to their
Superiors and fulfil their assigned duties
with a spirit of f., 71. They take the Virgin
Mary who went before them in f. for model
and patroness, 32. The sick, the elderly,
the troubled accept their personal situation
with f., 034.
Candidates are animated by an unbreakable
f., in the mystery of salvation,81, which
they renew and increase, 058; in secondary
or high schools students are to receive a
human and Christian formation which will be
a solid foundation for strengthening and developing
their f., 053; they must collaborate with
their teachers and learn from them, in the
light of f. always to seek God, 83.
Redemptorists direct their apostolic zeal
to believers also, so that their f. may be
strengthened, 3, 014; they support priests,
the natural educators in f., strengthening
their f. through every available means, 015.
Also: HP, 011, 012, 013, 058.
Cf. Profession of Faith.
||Redemptorists are f. to the traditions
of its predecessors, 2, 13, 108, to the Magisterium
of the Church, 6, and to the spirit of St.
Alphonsus, HP, 2. Candidates are to be f.
heralds of the wisdom of the Gospel. The badge
of the f. of the Congregation to the vocation
it has received, 5. The General Chapter must
make an examination in depth of the f. of
the Congregation to its missionary vocation,
108. cf. 67, 74, 83, 96, D. of Pius X, conclusion,
|| HP, 3, 010, 014.
|| The f. of the confreres, especially
their parents, are associates of our religious
f. and deserve, esteem and affection, 035.
Norms for domestic life must refer especially
to visits to f., 041a; the f. background of
aspirants is to be examined, 0151b; the mission
procurator shall enlist the co-operation of
the f. of the missionaries, 0176.
Cf. Relatives, esp. re disposal of temporal
goods (nn. 1 5 of the Decree of Pius X.)
||6, 12, 24, 48, 52, 59, 72, 144b,
||088, 0132, 0133, 0140e, 0163,
0172, 0173, 0206. Cf. Budget, Reports, Temporal
Goods, Treasurer, Secretariate.
|Following of Christ
||The end of the Congregation is
to follow the example of Christ the Saviour,
HP, 1, 01; the f. of C. is its supreme law,
74. Redemptorists advance on the same road
set out by Christ, which is a road of virginity,
poverty and obedience, 50. The confreres embrace
the apostolate among those who have not yet
ever heard th message of Christ and his saving
mercy, following Christ very closely, 011b.
Candidates should gradually discover the demands
of the f. of C., 78, and find out during the
novitiate whether they can follow Christ,
86.2; m,2, 49, 71, with personal and religious
maturity, they strengthen and develop their
own resolution to follow Christ in faith,
053. Also: 90, 91, 056. Cf. Christ, Imitation
1. F. and i. in general. The Congregation
is formed and grows unceasingly, 82; the
members receive a specific f. 77-90, which
the General Chapter examines, 0116a. Everyone
has a responsible part to play in f., but
the major Superiors, 82, and the teachers,
060, have a special role.
The process of f. includes: the choice of
vocations, the various phases of f., and
continual f. 77. The apostolic end of the
Congregation characterizes the f. which
is missionary, 77, 058. F. has in view the
promotion of human and Christian maturity
in aspirants and members, since they consecrate
themselves freely and totally to the proclamation
of the Gospel to the poor in a life in common,
78, 81, 83, 055.
The f. must be integral, adequate and inclusive
of every human and Christian aspect of life,
054. F. for maturity, 055, for a spiritual
life, 056, for community life, 78, 057.
Pastoral f., 058. Secondary and high school
f., 053. F. of postulants, 061, of novices,
86, 066-69, of aspirants to the priesthood,
87, 88, 081a, to the permanent diaconate,
081b, 89. The f. of confreres not aspiring
to the priesthood, 89, 084a.
Every (vice)-Province is to have a secretariate
for f. 0114, which must be heard in establishing
norms concerning studies during the novitiate,
066, and the programme of f. for those aspiring
to the priesthood, 081a, and the conditions
for proceeding to the permanent diaconate,
081b, for the continual f. of the coadjutor
brothers and of all the confreres, 084,
to appoint those responsible for houses
of f. and for their opening and closure,
0167, and to determine the way they are
to function, 0168.
Continuous f. of all the members, 90, 084,
must be the concern of the (Vice)-provincial
Chapter, 084, and encouraged by the (Vice)provincial,
90, 022. Superiors must take part in seminars
for their f.
2. Those responsible for f. Who they are,
82, 0169a. Appointed and replaced according
to the norms of the (Vice)-provincial Statutes,
0164, after consultation with the secretariate
for f., 0164, 0167. Relations between those
responsible for f. and local Superiors are
to be settled by the (Vice)-provincial Government,
0169b. Teachers are to play an active part
in f. and co-operate closely with directors,
Reports on the suitability of candidates,
070. Those appointed as formators are to
be a team of qualified personnel, 82, are
to follow a well thought-out programme which
is of genuine service to the candidates
and are to regard themselves, not so much
as teachers imparting knowledge, but as
servants of the truth, 83.
|Forms of the Apostolate
||The a. of the Congregation is
characterized more by missionary dynamism
than by particular f., 13, 14; therefore the
members must seek new apostolic initiatives,
15, adapted to the requirements of our times,
17, 33, 051. To give greater impetus to apostolic
activity it is fitting that the (Vice)-provincial
governments organise particular groups of
|Formulae of Profession
||86.2f. cf. Appendix to CC.
|| 016, 094.
|| cf. House. Of Masses, 0202,
||8, 10, 18, 19, 22, 36, 38, 60,
72, 73, 81, 90. FP. 01, 08, 013, 027, 030,
031, 032, 038, 057, 082. Cf. Communion, Co-operation.
||5, 15, 41.1, 51, 59, 67, 75,
81, 83, 134, 021, 044, 052.
|| 23, 34, 142, 032. Cf. Love,
|Fruits of Goods
||D. of Pius X, 4,6.
||143, 0166, 0168, 0187. Cf. Duty,
Obligation, Office, Right. Service, Task.
||18, 32, 41, 2, 83, 031, 034,
|| HP 05.
|| 25, 56, 71, 80, 121, D. of Pius
X 3, D. of Benedict XV, 2b, 044, 049, 059.
||18, 38, 92, 98, 104, 118, 135,
139, 142, FP-III, -IV, 0100, 0200.
|Gospel, Good News
||The Congregation was founded
to preach the G. to the Poor, HP 1, 2. Its
specific mission is the explicit preaching
of the G., 5, 10, 12. The characteristic of
the Congregation is the apostolate of evangelisation
properly so called, 14. Community life is
a means of serving the G., 22. Humble and
brave servants of the G. of Christ, 6, 67,
they are a leaven in the world, 01. The confreres
announce the Word of God so that men may be
converted and believe in the G. Freedom and
integral salvation of humanity is part of
evangelization , 5, 021. When direct proclamation
of the G. is impossible, they bear witness
by charity to Christ, 9. An open community
shares with others the joy of the G., 43.
They encourage missionary enthousiasm in the
young to raise up heralds of the G., 014b.
St. Alphonsus longed to preach the G. to non-believers,
HP. The first duty of the Church is to preach
the G., 011a. Living according to the G. promotes
Christian unity, 013.
By religious profession, Redemptorists dedicate
their lives to the preaching of the G.; they
are associated with the mission of Christ,
as ministers of the G., 47. Cf. 3, 7, 15,
20, 27, 34, 46, 63, 74, 78, 82, 83, FP, 01,
09, 012, 056, 058. Cf. Evangelize.
||1. In general sense. The term
G. means the superior and, when required,
his ordinary and extraordinary Council, 0861a.
Redemptorists form a community equipped with
adequate forms of g., 2, 086-212. The primary
organ of g. is the chapter, 98. At the head
of the Congregation, the Vice)province and
the communities there is a Superior with his
Council, supported by appropriate bodies,
99. The General Chapter examines the state
of the Congregation in the area of g. 0116a.
The Superior General and his Council are co-responsible
for the g. of the entire Congregation.
2. The General G. is the permanent directive
and executive body, 112; it expresses and
guards the unity of the entire Congregation,
0120; it is the inspirator and animator of
a continual renewal in the (vice)-provinces,
113; gives directives for each sector of the
Congregation, 93; animates and co-ordinates
all missionary activity, encourages co-operation
between the different Provinces, 143, and
can intervene in inter-provincial conferences,
0187. The ordinary affairs of the Vice-Provinces
are dealt with by G. solely through the Provinces,
3. The (Vice)-provincial g. is composed of
the (Vice)-provincial and his Councillors,
and is the permanent directive and executive
organ, 123a, 133. It is responsible for its
workings to the (Vice)-provincial Chapter,
124a. The (Vice)-provincial Superior will
inform the General G. of the convocation of
the Chapter, and also the Provincial G. if
the Vice-provincial Chapter is being convoked,
4. For the bodies useful to G. see 129, and
Cf. Approval, Confirmation, Consent, Consultors,
||7, 59, 71, 78, FP-I, -II.
|| 4, 14, 38, 43, 82, 010, 012,
||34, 36, 44, 90, 139.
|| 09a, 114b, 0163, 0167. Cf. Instructions.
|| 45.4, 67.
||60, 034, 051, 0205, 0211.
|| 20, 23, 25, 33, 41, 51, 52,
86.2, 015, 028a, 051d, 053, 057.
|Heaven and Earth
||7. Cf. Reign of God.
||2, 4, 32, 132, FP-I,-II, 02,
04, 08, 09, 011c, 023, 031, 042, 0175, 0205,
of St. Alphonsus,
It is in Rome, and is of great importance
for the renewal of the entire Congregation,
083a. The Director of the H. C. is to send
a report on each student to his respective
(Vice)-provincial at the end of each scholastic
year, 083c. Each year a short course on the
history and life of the Congregation is to
be given to the students, 083d
||HP 86.2, 01a, 023, 083d.
||To go forward to Holy Orders,
Perpetual profession is required, 076. For
the exercises prior to receiving H.O. the
prescriptions of common law are binding, 070.
||The Superior General takes care
of the correct relationship with the H.S.116a.
The Procurator general represents the Congregation
at the H.S. 0128. Practical matters to be
dealt with at the H.S. go through the Procurator,
0129. A change of Procurator has to be confirmed
by the H.S. 109b.3. If the Superior General
resigns to his Councillors, confirmation is
to be requested from the H. S. 116b. The decree
of dismissal of one in perpetual vows must
be confirmed by the H.S. 146. Cf. HP, 135,
147, 148, 03, 05, 081a, 0135, 0193.
|| Redemptorists are apostles of
h., 20 and must bear witness to the h. that
is in them, 10: they must be witnesses to
h. in the sight of the world, 43. In solidarity
with the poor the become for them a sign of
h. 65. With St. Paul they will be rooted in
a lively h. Superiors will unite the confreres
to be strengthened in the h. of their calling,
037. Also, 81, 015.
||Dwelling place of a community,
canonically erected with the consent of ecclesiastical
authority, 0186, containing at least three
members, 135, 091. The canonical erection
or suppression of a h. belongs to the General
Government, 135. A residence is a house which
is not canonically erected, 091a.
The General Government chooses the members
for the h. of St. Alphonsus in Rome, 0138b.
Practical matters concerning h. to be transacted
with the Holy See are dealt with by the procurator
||Christ the Lord is the principle
and the model of renewed humanity, 6. The
Church is sent to save all mankind, 021. Redemptorists
are ready to face every challenge to bring
plentiful Redemption to men, 20, by revealing
to them the mystery of Christ the Redeemer,
28, especially to the most abandoned and the
poor, 1, 3, 4, 014, evangelization of whom
includes the entire human person which must
be freed and saved, 5. Men are sinners, yet
they are called, justified and glorified in
Christ, 7; transformed into new men, 6, 11,
with Christ as their model and principal,
6. Men must be converted to Christ, and truly
live out their baptism, 11, 12. In the mystery
of the incarnate Word the mystery of humanity
and its true and complete vocation shines
Evangelisation demands a precise and practical
knowledge of the world and of the men and
women of our time, 19. We are to train the
young properly so as to make new men, builders
of a new humanity, 014d. Also:, 21, 44, 72,
75, 78, 80, 83, 87, 90, 91, 107, FP-I, -II,
05, 014, 015, 023, 031, 041, 052, 053, 054.
|| Redemptorists are h. servants
of the Gospel, 6. They ask with h. help to
live chastely, 59. They form a community available
for the h. and the poor, 057. The ecumenical
apostolate requires h. and gentleness, 013.
Community of goods fosters sharing with the
poor and the h. 044. Also 20, 83.
|Imitators of Christ
|| Candidates are imitators of
Paul, as he was of Christ, 81.
Cf. Following of Christ, and 26 and 32.
||0137, 0173, 0204, 0206, 0207.
Cf. Temporal Goods, obligation.
||of goods, 62; into institute,
85 Cf. Associates.
||7, 12, 18, 37, 38, 58, 74, 101,
||D. of Pius X.
||0106, 0197, 0207.
||114c, 025a, 034, 0155.
||In general. 90, 121, 019, 052.
Religious. 1, 62, 72, 81, 93, 103, 104, 107,
115, 121, 035, 044, 059, 0135, 0211.
||9, 96, 97 -103, 107, 116, 122,
129, 133, 012, 021, 060, 0125, 0164, 0167,
||148, 0112, 0125, 0135, cf. Guidelines.
||by General Council 119.1; by
Holy See, 109b3; by (v)Provincial chapter
0140a, 0141; by (v)provincial council 0151.
||0102, 0104, 0190.
||20 59, 67, 057.
|| 049, 055, 078, 0128. Cf. Decision.
||Since the Congregation is exempt,
Chapters and Superiors have ecclesiastical
j. for the internal and external fora, 100.
||Superiors shall treat the laity
who work among us with justice. Salaries shall
be at least equal o those prescribed by law.
If these latter are not just, a greater salary
is to be given, 0199. Also, 5, 010, 021, 0111.
|Kingdom of heaven
||cf. Reign of God.
||The characteristic of Redemptorists
is to live and work together, 22, 30; they
form a community of w. and periodically review
the apostolic w., 037; as poor men, they should
feel obliged by the law of w., 64. Each takes
on that measure of l. and the burdens which
flow from a missionary vocation, even when
engaged in technical and professional l. The
O.Ss.R. nuns should be kept informed of our
l., 08. Also, HP, 32, 39, 43, 45, 46, 49,
62, 68, 89, 118, 135, 144, 148, FP-I-II. 01,
08, 026, 031, 060, 0114, 0199. Cf. Apostolic
||01. 02, 014c, 020, 054, 0189,
|| 20, 011c.
||Legal, Juridic, (Rights.) The
Congregation is ruled by the common law of
the Church and by particular law, 03.
In general. 21, 34, 64, 73.3, 93, 106, 133,
03, 04, 043, 0117, 0207.
Also (common or particular) 68, 73.2, 84,
86.1, 100, 101, 115a, 128, 132, 133, 138,
144c, 146, 147, D. of Pius X, D. of Benedict
XV, 03, 04, 061, 062, 066, 069, 070, 074,
079, 086, 095a, 0105, 0106, 0109, 0110b, 0115,
0126, 0137, 0138, 0139, 0141, 0151, 0157,
0165, 0170, 019, 0192, 0202, 0205, 0207, 0210,
In (vice)-Provinces of oriental rite the designation
of Superiors is to be on the basis of the
oriental code, 128, 138b, 153d, 0158c, 0178b.
Civil l: 69, 70, 0189, 0199, 0200, 0204.
L. person. In general 010, 0193b. House: 091;
Province 121; Region 090; Vice-province 130.
Rights: Superiors must preserve the r. of
the members, 094. Practical ordering of the
community must take account of human r, 44,
54. Members have the r. and duty to give at
least one hour a day to prayer, 30. Promoting
the r. of the poor, 3, 010.
|Leaving the Congregation
||on this subject see 145-147,
||The mission of the Congregation
is directed to the whole human person which
is to be freed and saved. Cf. Freedom.
||The members must be f. and ready
for the work of evangelization, 15, 67; they
must acquire that interior f. which give unity
and balance to all their being, 41.1. They
live the mystery of chastity in l. and joy.
Evangelical obedience gives witness in the
world to the authentic l. of the children
of God, 75. Candidates are to be helped to
make a f. choice and commitment, 81.
||The characteristic of the Congregation
is to l. and work in common, 30.
Religious profession is the definitive act
of the l. of a Redemptorist, 54, 49. The l.
of Redemptorists is entirely consecrated to
the mission of Christ, 46. Mental prayer helps
our sharing the liturgical. l. and feeds the
spiritual l. of the members, 24, 26, 31, 41.
Knowledge of the l. and writings of the Founder
is encouraged , 33. The l. of prayer of the
elderly should inspire the young, 034.
Every community must have suitable rules for
its l., 44. Candidates must receive a formation
which takes in every aspect of human and Christian
life, 054. They share in the l. of the Church,
056, and of the Congregation, 89. The pupils
follow as far as possible a l. like their
contemporaries, 053. Charity gives unity to
the l. of the confreres, 3, 54, who proclaim
Christ by simplicity of l. 20. Witness of
ones life is a means of evangelisation, 10.
For apostolic life, cf. Apostolate . For comunnity
life, cf. Community.
||Full sharing in Redemption is
attained through the l. 12, 29. L. celebration
is understood as the Eucharist and the l.
of the Hours, 30. Community life is nourished
by the L., 27. Mental prayer makes taking
part in the L. more fruitful, 31. Redemptorists
encourage the l. cult of the B.V.M.,32.
||The Superior General and the
(vice)Provincial Superiors are both L.O. and
major Superiors, 0156. In mission territories
they reach agreement with the L.O. over their
reciprocal rights and duties, 012d. The confreres
are to observe the prescriptions of the local
ordinary regarding dress, 45.4. To be designated
for a third triennium a local Superior must
have the approval of the local O. 138b.
|| 81, 015, 034.
||2, 6, 7, 10, 51, 58, 028a, 042.
|| 6, 12, 22, 23, 24, 32, 38, 53,
56, 57, 58, 59, 71, 72, 79, 038, 056. Cf.
||044, 045, 057.
||1, 5, D. of Pius X (concl.) 027,
||St. Alphonsus was convinced that
his Congregation, under the patronage of the
B.V.M. was called to collaborate with the
Church to win the whole world for Christ,
The seal of the Congregation includes the
monogram, M. 06. Redemptorists honour M.,
under the title of the Immaculate Conception
as their official Patroness, and under the
title of Mother of Perpetual Help, under which
title they promote devotion at the wish of
the Holy See, 05. They honour her daily, spread
her liturgical cult, celebrate her feasts
with special fervour, and recite her Rosary,
32; 056. To safeguard chastity, they trust
in the patronage of O.L. of Perpetual Help,
042. Also, 26, FP-I, -II.
|Master of Novices
||cf. Novitiate. Also: 86.2b, 064,
069, 079, 0169.
||cf. Temporal Goods.
||The community must promote the
development of the human person, promoting
a greater m. in all, 36, which is promoted
by fidelity to the requirements of charity,
031. Genuine sharing of the state of the most
disadvantaged, timely experiments which advance
human m. can be attempted, 045. The purpose
of formation is to promote the human and Christian
m. of the apsirants and the members, 78. When
a sufficient level of m. has been reached,
the candidates can commit themselves to the
mission of Christ, the Redeemer, 85. New methods
of developing the maturity of aspirants are
to be sought, 052, 053; 055. Also: 70.
|| cf. Contemplation, Prayer. 81,
|Media of Social
||The Congregation makes extensive
use of the m. of s.c. in pastoral ministry,
022. On replies in magazines cf. 024.
|| 36, 143, 025a, 037, 0121, 0132,
0134, 0179, 0180, 0182, 0184, 0187, 0197.
||cf. Service. The members are
m. (dispensers) of the revelation of the mystery
of Christ, 28, and of the Gospel, 47. Formators
are servants of the truth for which they are
searching along with their disciples, 83.
Also, 2, 67, 017a.
|| The members form an apostolic
community and a single missionary body whilst
each attends to his own m. 2, 01; the Spirit
enlivens them inwardly for the apostolate
through a diversity of m., 25; they have received
as a gift the m. of reconciliation, 11; by
religious profession all become truly missionaries:
whether they are engaged in different activities
of the apostolic m. or whether they are occupied
with various services on behalf of the Congregation,
or of the confreres. 55.
Popular missions are a type of extraordinary
pastoral m. 017. Our confreres, especially
those with the cure of souls, should be particularly
devoted to the formation of the young, 014d.
Parish missions must be conducted with a missionary
Everyone should seek to animate and enrich
his own m. by study and by contact with the
confreres, 90. Aspirants must anticipate and
be prepared for the uncertainties of the apostolic
m. 81. Everyone should try to assist those
setting out on their m. in the Congregation,
033. The nuns of the O.Ss,R share in the apostolic
m. of the Congregation 08. The variety of
m. helps in fulfilling the purpose of the
The Superior General must know the needs of
the Church, particularly in those places entrusted
to our m. 115b. The m. (charism) of spiritual
Also: 18, 80, 100, 016, 022, 026, 082. Cf.
||Redemptorist m. described, 20.
All Redemptorists are m. 54, 55, 01 etc. They
The more they recognise the need to improve
their m. activity the more effective they
will be, 90.
Redemptorist m. support, priests, 015, youth,
014d, everyone, 12, 020. Oblates share in
the m. activity of the Congregation, 085.
The Spirit of Christ raises up m. in the Church,
||"M" for the Congregation is equivalent
to vocation, work, activity, identity, apostolate,
1. Mission in general. The Congregation is
an Institute which shares in the m. of the
Church, 1; to carry out this m. it is organised
as a missionary body, 2, 01. The members are
called to carry on the m. of Christ, 23; gathered
in community, they carry out their m. in the
Church, 21; they are all responsible for this
m. 35, 73, 94, 98, 048.
The m. activity of the Congregation, ch.1,
is directed to the evangelization of the poor,
1, 3, 4,, 09; it consists principally in the
explicit proclamation of the Gospel, 5, 10,
to create and build up a faithful community,
12. The m. to evangelize the poor includes
the whole human person, 5, 021. The Congregation
tries to carry out its m. with bold initiative,
13, and fulfils it by new initiatives matching
its m. charism, 16, 17. Its m. requires that
the members be free and ready, 15, 16. To
ensure the greater effectiveness of their
own m. they must harmonise their work with
the initiatives of the universal and local
Church, 18.19, 67.
The General Chapter is to make a searching
examination of our fidelity to our m. vocation,
108; its duty is to bring about the m. of
the Congregation, 114b. The carrying forward
of the m. activity of the Institute depends
on the zeal and competence of the General
Councillors, 118. The Vice-province serves
the Church where a m. situation exists, 131;
to make its m. more effective, it should adapt
its life-style to local m. requirements, 134.
Superiors must help confreres to put their
m. aspirations into effect, 72.
2. Mission and religious consecration. The
m. of Christ the Redeemer is the reason for
our consecration 46, 54. By religious consecration
the members are associated with the m. of
Christ, 47. Religious profession is the decisive
act of the entire m. life of Redemptorists,
54; by virtue of profession all truly become
m., 55; they choose celibacy to dedicate themselves
to the m. of Christ, 58; as missioners, they
embrace the poverty of Christ, 61, in as much
as m. zeal requires the life-style of the
Redemptorists regard the Eucharist as a sign
of m. solidarity, 29; they foster the m. spirit
through community prayer, 30; they take on
the burdens and tasks which follow from their
vocation, 39, and they use the ecclesial sense
of their Founder as the criterion for evaluating
every m. work.
The effectiveness of the Congregation in carrying
forward its apostolic m. depends on the number
and quality of candidates, 79. Appropriate
formation ensures that the members are capable
of consecrating themselves without reserve
to the service of the m. Church, 78. The distinctive
feature of m. formation is the pastoral orientation
of the whole course of training, 058.
For the m. formation of candidates cf. 82,
85, 87, 89. For the formation of the Brothers,
Redemptorists will be effective m. to the
extent that they deepen each day their understanding
of their m. activities.
3. M. among unbelievers St. Alphonsus longed
to undertake them, Hp. They also form part
of the specific end of the Congregation, 3,
011, which acknowledges them as a priority
requirement of the Church's m. activity, 011a.
(Vice)-provinces must ask themselves whether
they can collaborate with Provinces already
at work in m. territory either by helping
them or by founding new m. 011a. Preparation
of missioners, 011c. We readily give up our
posts to indigenous clergy, 011c. To improve
the assistance given to the m. each Province
should have a m. procurator, 0176. They should
be a secretariate for foreign m., 0114. The
ecumenical apostolate requires a spirit of
service in the m., 013.
4. Missions to the people. This was the main
activity of St. Alphonsus and of the early
Congregation, HP. M., as an extraordinary
pastoral ministry have made the greatest contribution
to the work of evangelization.017a. To prolong
the effect of the m., spiritual renewals are
recommended, 017b. Among believers the style
of m. preaching must be directly chiefly to
a renewal of faith, 014b. Confreres assigned
to parochial ministry, must be governed by
a m. spirit., 018. (Vice)-provincial governments
are to organise groups for new forms of m.
action. Cf. Apostolate, Apostolic Activity,
Apostolic Life, Pastoral.
||6, 32, 05.
||of Province, 125; Supreme of
Congregation 70, 114b.
||047, 0137, 0193a, 0194, 0201.
|| The confreres spontaneously
practise exercises of penance, 42. (Vice)-provinces
are to indicate which penitential exercises
are to be performed in common on one or other
weekday and during the appropriate liturgical
||7, 10, 12, 19, 20, 28, 29, 31,
32, 50, 58, 59, 71, 81, 87, 89, FP-I, -II,
020, 028, 056, 058.
||1, 45, 133, 061, 099, 0114, 0132,
||HP, 33, 81, 96, 134, 135, 141,
04, 09, 014, 057, 090. cf. Church, Pastoral,
||4. Cf. Poor.
|| 9, 051d.
|Neumann, St. John
||The fundamental norm of religious
life is the sequela Christi, 74. Every community
must give itself suitable and clear n. adapted
to a life in common, to which should accept
as binding on himself, 44, 45. N. for the
good of the community, 041.
Also 137a. In general: 60, 68, 74, 93, 107,
109, 130, 03, 051a, 095b, 0109, 0133, 0157,
018, 0190, 0212. In formation: 051a, 066,
069, 0169b. Of General Council: 0191b2. Of
General Government: 0177. Of general Statutes:
86.2d, 117, 122, 138, 140, 144c, 067, 0119,
0143, 0172. Of Holy See: 135. Of (v)provincal
chapter/statutes: 12, 137a, 09, 046.2, 068,
081b, 085, 093, 0182, 0192, 0194, 0197, 0151,
0172. Of (v)-Provincial council: o85, 0194.
Cf. Directory, Constitutions, Law, Statutes.
||of Congregation, 0134; of (v)province,
||The n. is a time of probation,
84, intended to give the candidates the chance
to assess the authenticity of their vocation
to follow Christ through the apostolic life
of the Congregation, 86.2. It may last one
or two years in accord with the norms of the
(v)-provincial Statutes, 068; it begins canonically
on a day determined in an official document
of the Provincial, and must be made in a house
appointed by the Superior General, 062a. A
n. made for one category is valid for another,
The General Government, by rescript, sets
up the place of the n. 8.1, approves the n.
programme, except for the general order of
the house itself, 86.2b. There must be a certain
degree of separation between the novices and
the other members of the community, 064. The
(vice)Provincial gives rulings about the studies
to be allowed during the n., 066. There is
a possibility of apostolic activity, outside
the n. community, 86.2a. If the n. lasts two
years some useful formative activity can be
allowed to the novices, 069. The vice)Province
decides what habit the novices shall wear,
063. Before the novitiate eight full days
of spiritual exercises are required, 070.
Perpetual profession will be precede by some
definite preparation, after the manner of
a n. and lasting at least a month, 075.
The novice master is one of those responsible
for formation, 0169a, appointed by the Major
Superior, 82, is delegated by law to receive
professions of vows, o79a, and has other faculties,
064 069, 071
||The confreres should hold in
high regard the contemplative apostolate of
the Nuns of the Order of the Most Holy Redeemer,
for whom there should be a special secretariate
at the General Curia, 08.
||76, FP-II, FP-IV.
|Oath of perseverance
||It is uttered during the act
of perpetual profession, 76.
|| The paschal mystery of Christ
is a mystery of o.: in which we seek to enter
intimately, 71. Following the way laid out
by Christ, 50, who came into the world to
do the Father's will, the members, by the
vow of o., dedicate their own will to God,
71. By evangelical o. they bear witness to
the world, 75; by o. they submit to their
Superiors 71, to the Constitutions and Statutes,
to lawful Decrees, 74, to formal precepts
of o. 3, 73.3, and to what has been decided
in community, 38, 048b. They must obey with
a spirit of faith and love the will of God,
and do so with an active and responsible o.,
71, 72, 048, considering themselves responsible
for the apostolic
mission, 35, 73, 94, 98, and for the Government
of the Congregation, 92, 94.
||The Congregation can take as
associates "oblates," both clerics and laity,
02; their actual form of association will
be determined by the (vice)Provinces. 02.
O., who share the spirit and missionary activity
of the Congregation, must receive an adequate
||in general: 15, 57, 69; FP, 011d,
095b; legal: 090, 0196, 0200-0202; of community:
046; of law 0143; of postulancy, 061.
|| shouldering and undertaking
ones own share of the work of the community
is a major part of religious observance, 39.
Superiors and confreres must observe the CC.
and Statutes, and lawfully issued decrees,
74. Revisio vitae entails self-examination
on the Constitution and Statutes, 038. Decree
of Pius X. cf. Obedience.
||in general: 12, 133, 047, 060,
0133, 0134, 0144, 0164, 165, 0170, 0184. cf.
Duty, function, obligation, officials, renunciation,
right, service, task.
Of superior: 72, 103, 117, 124, 126, 127,
133, 094-098, 0103, 0122, 0123a, 013, 0154.
|Office of Communication
||in general: 100; of General Curia:
120, 0125, 0127-0138.
||013. Cf. Generosity.
||in general 0108; of absent consultor
general 0126; of absent (v)-provincial consultor,
|Order of M. H.
||08. cf. Nuns.
|| cf. Local Ordinary.
|| 108, 121.
|| 44, 137, 041.
|| 67, 021.
||62, D. of Pius X, 2; decree of
Benedict XV, 2b. 193b.
||Confreres assigned to the parochial
ministry must carry out their duties with
the greatest zeal, 018. For the goods of parishes
committed to our charge, cf. 0207. Also, 014d.
||99, 100, 0121.
||The mission of Christ is complete
p. charity, 48. P. zeal gives soul and unity
to the life of the confreres, 54. The raison
d'etre of the Congregation is a preference
for situations of p. need. It is the duty
of the members to keep in mind the requirements
of the p. programmes of the local Church,
18, 04, 09, 025b, 037. The p. orientation
of the whole course of training is a distinctive
feature of missionary formation, 058. Everyone
is urged to study moral and p. theology. 023.
Assemblies of members of (Vice)-Provinces
to study theological, p. and similar questions
should be encouraged. 025a.
Also: HP, 1, 5, 16, 21, 44, 48, 90, 126, 139,
04, 015, 016, 019, 037, 050, 058, 082, 084,
0169. Cf. Apostolate, Apostolic Activity,
|Patrons of the
|Paul, the Apostle,
||A strict account of the use of
funds regularly granted to confreres is to
be rendered, to avoid even the hint of a peculium.
||Faith and r. are to be reached
daily to the faithful, 014. The Church is
always in need of r., 017a, Also 039. Cf.
Mortification, Reconciliation. For the Sacrament
of Penance, cf. Confessions, 11, 12, 41.2,
|People of God
||32, 04, 019c, 023.
|| HP, 6, 19, 46, 85.
|| 046.2a, 095g, 0100, 0211.
|| 4, 057.
|| St. Alphonsus introduced the
vow of p. to spread and strengthen the Congregation
in the world, HP. The members swear the vow
and oath of p. during the act of perpetual
profession, 76. FP-II,-IV. P. in fraternal
communion, in the breaking of bread and in
prayer is emphasised, 26.
||1. The p. of Christ. Redemptorists,
make the p. of Christ the centre of their
lives, 23; they honour the B.V.M. who consecrated
herself totally to the p. of Christ , 26.
2.The human p. The members must recognise
the presence of God in all p., 24. The community,
since it is a community of p., 34-38, must
promote the development of the p. and offer
each the possibility of p. choice, 36; and
will make practical arrangements which take
account of the rights of the human p., 44.
By religious profession Redemptorists dedicate
their p. to the proclamation of the Gospel,
46. Evangelical obedience tends to the genuine
advancement of p. consecrated to Christ, 75.
Celibacy is a p. response to the love of God,
58. Superior must lead their the subjects
with respect for the dignity of the human
p., 72. Each (Vice)-province carries out its
missionary endeavours in accordance with both
p. and local needs, 141.
3.Moral p. All the following are m. p.: the
Congregation, 1, the General
Chapter, 98, 100, 104, the General Council,
086b, 112, the (Vice)-province, 121, 130.
the (Vice)-provincial Chapter, 122, 123, the
(Vice)-provincial Council, 124a, 133, 086,
the Region, 090, a canonically erected house,
091, the community, which can be local or
||82, 011a, 060, 0175.
||D. of Pius X.
||D. of Pius X, 043.
|Plan of God
||0114, 0163, 0191.
||013, 014b .
||HP 1, 18, 145.
||St. Alphonsus founded the Congregation
moved by compassion for the p. country people;
the members strive to preserve the spirit
of the Founder in helping the p. HP. The option
for the p. is the very raison d'etre
of the Congregation in the Church, 5. Christ
announced the Gospel to the p., 1, with whom
he chose to be identified, 4. The
Congregation follows the example of Christ
in preaching the Gospel to the p. Among the
groups most in need of spiritual help, Redemptorists
give special attention to the p., 4.; they
have the duty of solidarity with the p and
the oppressed, and promote their fundamental
rights, 5, 09, 021, 046, making their own
the legitimate aspirations of the p., 044.
They cannot leave unheard the cry of the p.,
09b. As p. men they feel obliged by the law
of work, 64; in certain cases the may share
the state of uncertainty and of penury of
the more disadvantaged p, 045. Aspirants practise
openness and availability to the p, 057.
||cf.. Temporal Goods, Office.
||The obligation for, the length
and nature of p. is to be determined in the
(Vice)-provincial Statutes, 061. The (Vice)-provinces
shall decide how the postulants are to dress.
||All the members can, individually
or collectively, send observations or postulations
to the preparatory commission of a Chapter,
||He is an official of the General
Curia, 0135. For his responsibilities, cf.
||Redemptorists embrace with a
generous heart the p. of Christ, 61. In religious
profession they respond to the p. of Christ,
56. In the same spirit which animated the
apostolic community, everything among them
is to be held in common. 62. As poor men,
they regard themselves as obliged by the law
of work, 64. They will bear witness personally
and communally, to evangelical p, 63. The
will have a manner of life comparable to that
of the poor, 65. The will seek new ways of
practising p., 63. (Vice)-provincial Statutes
must lay down concrete rules for the dependent
use of goods, on regular revisio vitae on
the observance of p , and on new ways of living
p., 046. The vow of p. which the members profess,
56, 68, is regulated by the Decrees of Pius
X and Benedict XV, 043, which appear as appendices
to the Constitutions. To promote the spirit
of p., the confreres are allowed to renounce
their patrimony under definite conditions,
70. Their will must be valid under civil law,
and may be made before perpetual profession,
69. To safeguard p. any hint of a peculium
is to be avoided, 047. For various norms on
p., cf. 0103, 0209, 0210.
||51, 73.3, 100, cf. Authority,
Faculty, Office, Superior.
|| 1. In general. Redemptorists
must be persevering in p. 20. When direct
proclamation is not possible, they give their
testimony through charity with p, 9. They
seek to have the same spirit as St. Alphonsus,
26. In addition to eucharistic celebrations
and the liturgy of the Hours they have the
right and duty to set aside an hour a day
for p., either publicly or privately, 30.
They call upon the Holy Spirit without wearying,
10: to co-operate more effectively in the
mystery of Redemption, 10, to understand and
live the mystery of chastity, 59, and to promote
vocations effectively 80.
Suggested particular p. activities include
the liturgy and community celebrations of
the Word, 27, 28, thanksgiving after communion,
visits to the Blessed Sacrament and the recitation
of the Rosary, 028a, b, 32. The sick and the
elderly can by their life of p. stand as a
source of inspiration for the young, 034.
Candidates are to be taught to seek Christ
in p. 056.
2. Mental Prayer. The confreres both within
and outside our houses make mental p. a major
priority, 31; they cultivate that spirit of
contemplation which develops and strengthens
3. Community prayer. The Redemptorist community
is a community of p. 26-33; 028, 029. The
whole purpose of community life is to have
the members combine their p. and deliberations,
22; to do that they gather together for p.,
30. Each community will select forms of community
p., 30. The structures of their life should
bring about conditions favourable to p. 041c.
All must contribute through fraternal dialogue
to the creation of a prayerful atmosphere,
(Vice)-provincial Statutes will decide how
often each day they must gather for p. 30,
028c. They recite at least a part of the divine
office in common, 028b. The members will make
a daily examination of conscience: it is commendable
if this is done during some community prayer,
|| cf. Evangelization, Mission.
||of persons, 0210; of provinces
|Precept of Obedience
||The p. of students, of studies
and of the Brothers are responsible for formation,
069a, and are appointed according to the norms
of the (Vice) provincial statutes,, 0164.
||71, 109b, 119.1, D. of Ben. XV
2b, 070, 0115, 0137, 0139,0153d, 0158c, 0175,
0178b, 0207. cf. Obedience, Authority.
|Presence of God,
||The Christian community is a
sign of the p. of God, 12. The members are
called to be a lively p. of Christ, 23; they
seek to discern in the problems of mankind
true signs of the p. of God, 19. In the Liturgy
and in the Eucharist they discover the p.
of the mystery of Christ, 29. Chastity witnesses
to the p. of the Reign of God on earth, 57.
Also; 7, 24, 25, 56.
||of the General Council, 106,
114b, 086b, 0125; of the provincial chapter,
125, 086b; of the (v)-provincial chapter 0151.
||The Congregation unites p., deacons
and laity, 01. Aspirants to the p. will receive
a formation which forms them in the image
of Christ. 12, 29, 114a, The (Vice)-provincial
Council establishes the formation programme.
The prefect of students should be a man of
priestly spirit, 082. On confessional faculties
for our p., cf. 040. The confreres will have
a special concern for p. 015, and will give
them spiritual exercises, 020. The lack of
p. is a cause of spiritual desolation of the
faithful, 010, also, 124b, 138, 0210.
||8, 52, 91-96, 016, 0100.
||The (V)-provincial chapter, in
agreement with the General Government, can
judge whether particular a. ps. are in accordance
with the missionary character of the Congregation,
||1, 42, 044, 0144.
|| 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 20, 09.
||On the Procurator General, cf.
0128, and 0129. There is to be a Mission procurator
in each (Vice)-province, equipped with adequate
||Superiors are obliged personally
to make a p. of f. in accordance with the
||1. In general. Redemptorists
become members of the Congregation through
r. p. whereby they take a definitive decision
for their lives, consecrating them to the
proclamation of the Gospel, 46, 47, 78. R.
p. becomes the definitive act of their entire
missionary lives, 34, and is an expression
of their response to the love of the Lord,
The aim of the novitiate is to study the possibility
of following Christ through r.p. 86,2. When
novices have reached a sufficient degree and
maturity and resolution, they dedicate themselves
to the Mission of Christ through r. p, 85.
The candidate will request, in writing, admission
to r. p., 077. Before admitting anyone to
r. p., a written report is required on his
suitability, 078. For those delegated to receive
r. p., see 079a; for the drawing up of an
authentic document of r. p., see 079b.
2. Temporary profession. Temporary vows are
to be made for at least one year, 072. It
is for the (Vice)-provincial in agreement
with his Council to admit someone to t. p.,
062b. Temporary profession is made for at
least three and for not more than six years,
86.2e. An eight day retreat is required before
t. p., 070.
3. Perpetual profession. It must be preceded
by at least a month of preparation, 075. Eight
days of spiritual exercise are made prior
to p. p. It is required before advancement
to Holy Orders, 076. The vow and oath of perseverance
is sworn at the same time. 76.
4. Community renewal of profession. This is
to be made twice a year at times laid down
in the (Vice)-provincial Statutes.
||18, 83, 86.1, 04, 037, 052, 060,
067, 081, 083b, 0187. Cf. Novitiate.
|Promotion , promote
||5, 36, 44, 90, 107, 114, 118,
136, 143, 011a, 013, 019, 021, 025a, 070,
||74, 0142, 0143.
||cf. Temporal Goods.
||1. In general. The term "community"
includes the (Vice)-province also, 22. The
Congregation is made up of p. and v., themselves
made up of communities, 97. They are erected,
regrouped, modified, or suppressed by the
General Council, 97,1,2. P. and V. can set
up and suppress regions, 97,3.; ordinarily
they have territorial boundaries, 087, but
without over-insisting on them, 0185. Before
the erection of a v-P., wide consultation
must take place, 089, 131. A V-p. founds communities
or mission stations, in keeping with the needs
of the apostolate, 135. The members who live
alone must be attached at least to a V-p.
092, 093. A V-p. may aggregate Oblates.
2. Province. Described in Constitution 121.
A p. must have at least five communities with
fifty confreres and adequate finances, 088
3. Vice-province. Described in Constitution
130.: it must have at least three communities
and 20 members, 088. It has the same structure
and competence as a Province, 133. It can
adapt its style of living to local missionary
requirements , 134; it is an expression of
the missionary vitality of the Congregation
and of the mother province, 131. It is set
up to serve the Church, especially where a
missionary situation exists, 131. It can ask
for help in money and manpower from the mother
Province, 132. .
||9, 70, 094.
||41.1, 014b, 017a.
End, Function, Object, Reason
||1, 5, 6, 11, 12, 21, 38, 46,
73.3., 77, 83, 86.2, 87. 90, 121, 144, 08,
091a, 099, 0100, 137, 0211.
||36, 39, 051, 060.
||The members frequently read the
word of God, 28; and study the writings of
the Founder, 33.
||038. Cf. Prayer.
||11, 12, 41.2. cf. Confession.
||An immediate appeal against the
decision of the majority may be made immediately
to the major Superior. R. is suspensive or
devolutive, 101.Against a decree of dismissal
r. may be made to the Holy See within ten
days, with suspensive effect, 147. Against
the decree of a the (Vice)-provincial Superior,
r. may be had to the General Government, but
with devolutive effect solely, 099.
||All seek to create an atmosphere
conducive to rest and r., 45.2.
||The Congregation, founded under
the title of "Missionaries of the Most Holy
Saviour," 1732, was later, 1749, called "..
of the Most Holy R.," with the aim of following
the R. himself in preaching the Gospel to
the poor, HP. Redemptorists revere the R.
as the Titular of the Congregation, HP; 05;
by taking to heart the apostolate of the Church,
they follow Christ the R. more closely, 011b.
Also: D. of Approbation; Chap. III CC., 1,
6, 20, 23, 26, 85, D. of Pius X, FP, Chap.
II SS., 01, 08, 053, 056.
||Redemptorists are companions
and ministers of Jesus Christ in the work
of R., 2. By religious profession they are
consecrated to the work of R., 47, 48, 52,
71. Mental prayer will be based on contemplation
of the mysteries of R., 31. The members regard
the B.V. Mary as their model and patroness,
collaborator in the mystery of R., 32. They
proclaim the Good News whose object is: Plentiful
R. By living amidst the problems of humanity
in brotherly solidarity, they make present
the work of R., 19; they lead those who have
been converted to a full sharing in R. through
the Liturgy, 12. Popular missions are a continuation
of the R., 017a. The seal of the Congregation
bears the text: "Copiosa apud eum Redemptio."
|| R. is the name of the members
of the C.SS.R. All R. are companions and ministers
of Jesus in the work of Redemption, 2; they
form an apostolic community, dedicated in
a special way to the Lord; they are sustained
by adequate formation, and by suitable means
of government, 2; they are sent to preach
the Gospel, in a special way, to the poor,
||cf. Order of the Most Holy Redeemer.
|Reduction of Obligation
||Chapter V of the Constitutions
and Chapter V of the Statutes deal with the
R. (management, organisation, direction, governance)
of the Congregation.
The general principles formulated in the Constitutions
must inspire the entire government of the
Congregation, 91; these are: co-responsibility,
92, decentralisation, 93, subsidiarity, 94,
solidarity, 95, continual adaptation of structure
to the needs of the apostolate, 96.
The primary instrument is the chapter, 98,
104, 122, 133, which deals with problems of
greater importance relating to government,
||The Congregation is made up of
Provinces, vice-Provinces, and R,. 97. The
(Vice)-provinces, with the consent of the
General council, can set up or suppress the
r., which have juridical personality., 97.3,
090. If a Vice-province is erecting a r. it
needs also the approval of the Provincial
extraordinary council, 090. Between the (Vice)-province
and the R. an agreement needs to be dawn up,
which must be approved by the General Council,
|Reign of God,
||Religious chastity shows forth
the presence of the R. of G., 57, 59. In carrying
out instructions and in fulfilling their duties
the confreres work in a spirit of faith and
of love for the will of God, conscious that
in so doing they are seeking the R. of G.,
71. Candidates must desire brotherly union
as advancing the R. of G., 81. The means of
social communications can help spread and
establish the R. of G., 022.
A Christian community truly
exists in every personal relationship between
confreres, 34. The community must encourage
mutual relationships and build up genuine
brotherhood, 36. The Superior General takes
care of the requisite dealings between the
Institute and the Holy See, 116a, 80, 041a,
||What justifies relaxation is
that it is to the personal advantage of everyone,
and it should be the subject of those regulations
which are for the good order of the community,
||The Congregation is a R. Institute,
founded by St. Alphonsus, HP. Redemptorists
are dedicated to God by r. profession, 2,
46, 55, 86, 20, and by r. vows, 54, 58.
|Removal from Office
|| 096, 099.
||The Church is in continual need
of r. 017. The community must be renewed inwardly,
40. Redemptorists will be effective missionaries
if they practise continual r. of their spiritual,
scientific and pastoral life, 90. We gather
in chapters for timely r., 98, 109, 123. The
General Government must be the inspiration
and animator of a continual r. in the (Vice)-provinces,
113. The Higher College is of great importance
for the r. of the whole Congregation, 083a.
||The r. of m., introduced by St.
Alphonsus, HP, is a noted characteristic of
the Congregation, 014b.
||R. on the suitability of candidates,
078, on the students of the Higher College,
083c; of the General Government on the state
of the Congregation, 0116b, annual r. from
the (v)provinces to the General Government,
0163; of the postulator general, 0136; on
interprovincial meetings, 0187; on economic
matters, 0113, 0133, 0140, 0174a, b, 0191,
|R. lawfully elected by the (Vice)-provinces
take part in a General Chapter; the law defining
representation is set out in the DC, 0117.
The Provincial Superior, or a one delegated
by him, is a member by right of the Provincial
Chapter, 0144b,c. The Superior General represents
all the Congregation, 116a. In the election
of General Councillors attention should be
given to regional representation, 0124. The
Procurator General represents the Congregation
at the Holy See, 0128.
|| 2, 45, 107, 045, 055. Cf. Need,
One ceases to hold office
by resignation, 096. R. is not valid unless
it is accepted by the competent Superior,
97. The Superior General can resign his
office to the General chapter or to his
In the case of the r. of the Vicar General,
another is to be chosen by the General Council
with a two-thirds majority of votes, 0123a.
The r. of the (Vice)-provincial Superior,
and of his Vicar, must be accepted by the
Chapter if it is in session; failing that,
by the extraordinary Council, 0154.
What is said in our law about r. from elected
office, holds also for resignation from
office gained by any other manner of appointment,
Members may resign their own patrimonial
property on certain conditions, 70. They
are ready to renounce themselves and what
they possess to become disciples of Christ.
|| cf. Co-responsibility.
||41.1, 50, 51.
||The General Government must promote
inter-Provincial reunions, 143. To encourage
a spirit of collaboration, Superiors and members
gather together every so often, 027.
The (vice-provincial Statutes will clarify
what subjects are to be dealt with by the
Council and what by the community assembly,
and when the Council or the assembly ought
to act collegially, 0182.
All the confreres will be informed in good
time of what subjects the assembly is to treat
so that they may come prepared, 0180. The
community assembly appoints some officials,
0184, examines and discusses budgets, 0197.
||19, 28, 37.
||0n the administration and disposal
of revenue, see nn. 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 of the
decree of Pius X on Poverty.
||"Review of Life" is prescribed
more than once a year, at the times laid down
by the (Vice)-provincial Statutes, 038. It
is appropriate after some apostolic work,
or a period of community living, 037; on the
practice of poverty, 046.2c. All are concerned
for r.v. Cf. also Examination of Conscience.
||5, 30, 44, 132, 144c, D. of Pius
X, 2, 010, 011d, 035, 049, 090, 094a, 0112,
0121, 0138, 0190, 0207.
||The Congregation has members
belong to various r.
||The text of our legislation,
until 1963, was styled the Constitutions and
R. of the C.SS.R.
||1, 12, 41.2.
Redemptorists share in the
mission of the Church which is the "universal
sacrament of s." 1; they announce the message
of s., 3, 11, 01, 010, 017, 023; they seek
to lead the faithful to a closer sharing
in the mystery of s.; they are alert to
the presence of God in people and in day
to day events to see in their light the
true plan of s, 24. They find Christ specially
in the principle signs of s., 27; they become
true missionaries, especially when they
suffer and die for the s. of the world,
They honour Our Lady who embraced wholeheartedly
the salvific plan of God, 32. Candidates
meditate carefully on the mystery of s.,
The most abandoned, to whom the Congregation
is especially sent, HP, are those who have
not been able to receive sufficient means
of s. from the Church, 3.
||The members are to apply themselves
to the s. of the sacred and human s., with
a preference for dogmatic, moral, and pastoral
s. and spirituality, 023. Each of them will
enrich and give new life to their ministry
by constant s. of sacred and human s. 90.
There are to be gatherings in all the communities
for the s. of dogmatic, pastoral and moral
and similar issues, 023, 025, 037, 084b, 0179,
0180. S. is included in regulations for the
good ordering of the community, 41b The confreres
who go on mission are to be well versed in
missionary s: the language, culture and practices
of the people, 011c. Directives for the Higher
College at Rome, 083. Functions of the Alphonsian
Academy, 90, 023. S. prescribed for candidates
during their time of training, 87, 88, 053,
058, 066. Cf. HP, 60, 83, 011c, 022.
|| 0110b, 0111.
||Such s. as seem useful, permanent
or temporary, should be set up, with competent
persons, even non-Redemptorists, as members.
These will include s. for the apostolic life,
for formation, for economic affairs, for foreign
missions, 0114, 0131. In the General Curia
there is t be a s. for information, 0138,
and one for relations with the Nuns of the
O.SS.R., 08. The Chapter, or the (Vice)-provincial
Council will set up such organs as seem useful
to Government, such as s., 129, 133. The (Vice)-provincial
Statutes will determine the function of s.
Under the inspiration and guidance of the
(Vice)-provincial Superior and with the collaboration
of the s., assemblies of confreres will be
promoted to deal with theological, pastoral
and similar subjects, or the updating of apostolic
On the formation s., cf. 0167 and 0168.
||The S. General is a major official,
0127, elected by the General Council, 120.
The (vice-provincial secretary is the notary
and chancellor of the office of the Curia;
he may be chosen from outside the ranks of
the Council, 0170.
||20, 41.1, 4, 51, 67, 011c, 013,
||11, 41.1, 90.
||of Christians, HP; from the Congregation,
|| The Congregation must s. the
Church, 18. The General Chapter gives timely
directives so that the Congregation can be
dedicated to the s. of the Church and of society,
109a. The Holy Spirit inspires the members
with a readiness to s. God and the Church,
3.1. Candidates are to be capable of consecrating
themselves to the s. of the missionary C.
The members must be humble and brave s. of
the Gospel, 6, 67.
They hold everything in common for the s.
of the Gospel, 22, 011c, 013, 015. The have
the B. V. Mary, handmaid of the Lord, as their
model and patron, 32. The structures of the
community must be at the s. of communion and
a spirit of fraternity, 030. They choose celibacy
for the s. of their neighbour, 58. Charity
is exercised in a genuine sprit of s. to others,
9. Superiors exercise their authority towards
the brethren in a spirit of s. 72. The first
duty of a Superior of a community is to s.
the community so that it may be formed and
grow in Christ, 139. The General Councillors
are at the s. of the whole Congregation, 0124.
Formators are at the s. of those they are
intended to help, 83.
||The s. are also missionaries,
55. They must receive special care and assistance,
above all as their last hour approaches, 034.
||The evangelization of the poor,
of the weak, of the oppressed is a s. of messianic
activity, 4. The Christian community becomes
a s. of the presence of God, 12. The Church
is not a perfect s. of the presence of God
among men unless there is a laity true to
their call living and working in it, 014c.
The members, consecrated to the mission of
Christ, are s. and witnesses in the sight
of men to the power of the resurrection of
Christ, 51. They seek to discern, in the problems
troubling humanity, the true s. of "the presence
or the plan of God, "19. Their style of life
should be in accord with that of the poor
whom they seek to evangelize. Only in this
way can they show solidarity with the poor
and become for them a s. of hope, 65.
|Signs of the Times
||Redemptorists must be attentive
to the s. of the t., 2, 43.1, 83.
||Rules for the good order of a
community should include something on s.,
||The members announce Christ by
the s. of their lives and words, 20. Candidates
are to be trained to s. and sincerity of heart.
|| 6, 7, 017.
||In a spirit of s. and service
the confreres must fit in with the work and
structures of the local Church, 18. They exercise
charity by s. service of others, 9. S. of
heart is a virtue proper to an apostolic community,
057. Also: 66, 013.
||14, 44, 93, 010, 013, 014, 021,
044, 051a, 059, 0205.
|| 5, 29, 65, 95, 046.2.
||The candidates need to be prepared
for the challenges of s. and loneliness 81.
The sick and elderly confreres, who are sometimes
weighed down by loneliness must receive particular
attention 034. Our missionaries must help
priests who find themselves in distressing
||6, 24, 32, 72, FP-I,-II, 011b,
|Spirit of the
Congregation, of the Founder
The General Chapter must give
directives through which the Congregation,
renewing itself in the s. of its distinctive
identity, can dedicate itself anew to the
service of the Church and of society, 109a.
The General Chapter will make a searching
examination of the state of the Congregation,
to see whether it has remained faithful
to its missionary vocation in the s. of
the Founder, 108. The members are to take
care that they keep to the s. of the Founder,
Candidates are to be helped to become capable
of taking initiatives in keeping with the
s. of our Institute, 81. Oblates share the
s. of the Congregation, 085.
Also: Spirituality: 2, 4, 12, 21, 24, 28,
31, 38, 61, 81, 85, 86, 88, 90, 100, 108,
109, 139, FP, 08, 09, 010, 014c, 023, 024,
027, 029, 030, 038, 044, 056, 058, 082,
|Spirit, Holy (of
||Redemptorists invoke the H.S.
to collaborate in the mystery of Redemption,
10. The Redeemer and his s. of love sustains
the community, 23. Superiors and confreres,
moved by the H.S., are at pains to find out
the will of God, 73.1. By religious profession,
under the direction of the H.S., they come
to be associated with the Mission of Christ,
47. Superiors and members, united by the one
H. S., must keep to the Constitutions, statutes
and decrees, 74. It is the S. of Christ which
raises up missionaries in the Church, 80.
||The charism of s. d., outstanding
in St. Alphonsus, is exceptionally important
in our times, 024.
||HP, 31, 020, 029, 070, 095f.
||The General S. and the (Vice)-provincial
S., along with the Constitutions, form the
particular law of the Congregation, 03. It
is for the General Chapter to correct, abrogate
and make General S., 109.2; the General Council
has the faculty of interpreting them authentically,
119.1. Before (Vice)-provincial S. are promulgated,
they must be approved by the General Council,
0142. The approval of (vice)-provincial S.
by the General Council is given only after
consulting the extraordinary Provincial Council
All S. take effect from the stated date; otherwise
from the moment of promulgation, 0143.
The extraordinary (Vice)-Provincial Council
can interpret or suspend the (Vice)-provincial
S., but must inform the (Vice)-province of
its action, and in the case of suspension,
the General Council too, 0161.
The General Chapter is governed by the General
S., 105, 0115; the (Vice)-provincial Chapter
by the General and (Vice)-provincial S., 0139.
The Superior General must promote the apostolic
life of the Congregation in accordance with
the Constitutions and S., 114. The Provincial
Superior directs and organises the Province
in accordance with the Constitutions, and
the General and particular S., 125.
||15, 18, 94, 97-103, 121, 133,
014b, 030, 087, 0114.
||88, 082, 083c, 0169a.
|Style of Life
||48, 71, 72.
||S. is a principle for government
of the Congregation, 94. By virtue of the
principle of s., no Superior can take on the
functions of lower superiors or officials
or take their places, unless the common good
demands it, and his Council approves, 0100.
||for general consultor, 0126b;
for (v)-provincial consultor, 0159; in (v)-provincial
Chapter, 0145, manner of substituting 0153,
|Successor in office
||106, 117, 127, 095d.
||22, 55, 057.
||86.2, 13, 051, 078, 084.
||1. In general. At the head of
the Congregation, the (Vice)-provinces and
the communities is a Superior with his Council,
99. S. have dominative and jurisdicational
The S. acquires his functions when he takes
possession of his office, 095, and remains
until his successor acquires his functions,
095d. He ceases by resignation, transfer or
removal, 096-099. In his absence, his vicar
takes his place, 117, 0105, and in the absence
of his Vicar, by others in accordance with
the (Vice)-provincial Statutes, 0103, 0105.
a) Manner of governing. S. must examine themselves
on their understanding of their office and
on their manner of carrying it out, 103; they
must exercise their powers in a spirit of
collegiality with their Councillors, 100,
who have consultative or deliberative votes,
but in certain circumstances a collegial decision
is required, 101. They observe the principle
of subsidiarity, 94, 0100; jointly with the
confreres they are co-responsible for and
committed to the apostolic mission of the
Congregation, 35, 92, 94, 98. They strive
to know the will of God, 75.1; they observe
the Constitutions and Statutes and decrees,
74. The must give an account to God of the
souls committed to their charge and be docile
to the will of God, 72. When absent or impeded,
the s. must behave in a way which does not
cause difficulty or uncertainties in the domestic
government; the (Vice)-provincial statutes
will determine in which cases the Vicar will,
by right, replace the S., 0105. He must exercise
authority in a spirit of service; he must
guide his subjects in such a way as to bring
them, through active and responsible obedience,
to the fulfilment of their duties, and listen
to them willingly, 72. S. must put themselves
at the service of the community so that it
is formed and grows in Christ, 139, and becomes
ready to live worthily its own vocation, 126.
b) Rights and duties. Obedience is owed to
S.,71. Whilst all contribute to a final decision,
it is always the S. who much choose and determine
what is to be done, 73.2. S. must judge the
authenticity of gifts and talents and their
good use, 049. They will take care that there
is genuine fraternal affection in the community
as a safeguard for chastity, 60. They can
dispense in disciplinary matters from the
Constitutions and Statutes as provided for
in law, 102. They take care of the rights
of the confreres, but they also know how to
correct their defects, 094. They seek out
and help those who have withdrawn from due
contact with the Institute, 0212. After taking
possession of office, they make the spiritual
exercises, according to our old tradition,
095f. They must assemble their Council and
give timely notice of the date and the business
of the day, 0106, 0107. They have the right
to dispose of material goods, 144c, 0193.
S. precede their Vicars, 0210.
Major S.-General, Provincial, Vice-provincial-have
the chief responsibility for formation, 82.
Their faculties are listed in the DS.
2. In particular.
a) The S. General. His election, 110. He represents
and governs the Congregation, 114-116. Resignation,
116d. Rights, 104, 106, 112, 114, 115.a, 0118,
0121, 0151. He is to be kept informed about
the causes of beatification and canonisation,
0137. He has special care of the Higher College,
b) The (Vice)-provincial S. Designation, confirmation
and removal, 128, 099, 0153. Resignation,
0154. Faculties in general, 106, 124-126,
133, 062b, 0140, 0156, 0175. Manner of governing,
126, 133, 0155. Responsibility in the (Vice)-provincial
Chapter, 0146, 0147, 0151, 0152; for the updating
of apostolic method, 025; for formation, 0156;
for the novitiate, 86.2b, 062, 064, 069, 070,
074, 078; for on-going formation, 90, 083;
for administration, 0174b, 0195; for dispensation
from the observance of Constitutions and Statutes,
The Provincial S., or his delegate, will be
a member by right of the Vice-provincial Chapter,
0144b; for his co-operation with the Vice-provincial,
cf. 0175, for admission to perpetual profession,
The vice-Provincial S., under certain conditions,
can grant a dispensation for the Constitutions
and Statutes, 102c. His is a member by right
of the Provincial Chapter, 0144c. He is to
inform the Provincial Government of the convocation
of the Vice-provincial Chapter.
c) The local S. Designation, confirmation
and removal, 128, 099, 0153a,b. Office, 139,
0169b, 0180, 0182. Faculties, 102a,b.
|| 64, 144, 148, 0198.
||of house, 135; of formation institution,
0167; of region, 97.3; of (v)-province, 97.2.
|| 101, 119.2, 147, 0161.
||18, 71, 107, 124a, 059. Cf. Duty,
Function, Obligation, Office, Right, Service.
|| 83, 015, 060, 0169.
|| 26, 27, 81, 82, 019, 023, 059,
060, 082. Methods of, 060, 082. Cf. Formation.
|| 1. Use. Community life requires
that t. g. are put to common use, at the service
of the Gospel, 22; therefore the members hold
all goods in common, 62, 44; they are used
for lawful purposes, 144a, 011a, 0198. Whatever
the members acquire by their work or because
they are religious must be incorporated into
the goods of the community, 62. (Vice)provincial
Statutes shall lay down norms on the use of
2. Administration of t. g. The t. g. of a
moral person are to be administered by the
treasurer under the direction of the Superior
and his council, 0190. The General Chapter
examines and appraises everything relating
to t. g.. 0116. Faculty of the General Council,
0191b, and of the (Vice)-provincial Council
over t. g., 0192. The (Vice)provincial government
can ask for the true state of the t. g. of
communities, 0208. Accounts, receipts and
books of administration etc. are to be kept
for t. g. 0204-0206. The administration of
parochial t. g. not belonging to the Congregation
is subject to the Superior's supervision,
3.Disposal of t. g. The right to dispose of
t. g. belongs to Superiors, Councils and Chapters,
144c. The General Council dispose of the t.
g of suppressed Provinces, 97.2. Vice-provinces
which are not self-sufficient have the right
to receive help in t. g. from the Province,
132., in a manner to be settled by agreement,
0175. To encourage the spirit of poverty,
members are allowed to renounce the t. g.
of their patrimony, 70.
||18, 011c, 087, 089, 0185, 0186,
0188. Cf. Region.
||The members are bound to make
a will which is valid in civil law, but the
obligation may be deferred until the time
of perpetual profession, 69.
||0108a, 0109. Cf. Vote.
||apostolic, 62; future, 16; in
dispensations, 102; needs of, HP. 18, 33,
45.1; of postulancy, 061; of probation, 84,
86.2d, 069, 073; specified, 039, 094b, 095,
096, 0119, 0153d, 0178b, 0185c; suitable,
10, 11, 136, 084b, 0106, 107, 0146, 0178.a,
0185. Cf. Elapse of Time, Profession (religious),
Sign, Temporal goods, Vow.
||D. of Pius X, 05.
||The members are faithful to the
t. of their predecessors, 2. Faithful to the
alphonsian t., they honour the Virgin Mary,
32. The General chapter will examine how faithful
we are to the best t. of the Congregation,
108. Rules of life selected from Christian
and Redemptorist t.
||from another institute, 073;
from office, 096, 098; of category, 065; 0f
||81, 04, 057.
|| 1, 042.
||19, 24, 83.
||In general. There are to be well-trained
t. in every sector of the Congregation, 0112.
T. have no right to dispose of goods, 0112.
T. regularly prepare budgets of expenses and
income, 0113, 0173, 0174, 0190, 0191a, 0197.
Even if t. are not part of the General or
of the (vice)Provincial council, they must
be summoned when economic matters are to be
treated, 0132, 0172, 0191b,f. Cf. Auditor,
The general T. An official of the Curia, 120,
0127, and a member by office of the General
Chapter, 106. He administers the goods of
the Congregation, 0130; for matters of major
importance he consults with the secretariate
for economic affairs, 0131. At least once
a year he must give a report to the Superior
General and his council, and he reports to
the ordinary General Chapter, 0130. The general
Government will provide him with vice-t as
The (vice)-provincial t. An official of the
Curia, designated according to the (vice)Provincial
Statutes, 0164, 0172. He administers the goods
of the (Vice)province under the authority
of the (Vice)Provincial and his Council, according
to the norms of the (Vice)provincial Chapter,
0172, prepares an annual budget, 173 for both
the (vice)province and the communities, submits
reports annually on the financial state of
the (vice)province and communities, 0174,
to the (vice)provincial superior and extraordinary
Council, and submits a shorter report, with
signature and comments of the (vice)provincial
superior and council to the general government,
0174b. All these are prepared with the approval
of the secretariate for finance.
The local t. There is a t. in every community,
0183, designated by the Superior or by the
community assembly in accord with the (vice)Provincial
Statutes, 0185. He looks after its temporal
affairs under the authority of the local Superior
and his Council.
||St. Alphonsus ardently longed
to preach the Gospel to u.; in 1743, he put
into the Constitutions a vow-suppressed by
the Roman revisers, in 1749-to evangelise
them, HP. Cf. Non-believers.
||Chapters strengthen the u. of
the Congregation, 98, 107. The General Government
is an expression of the u. of the whole Congregation,
0120. The members live in u. with God, 53.
The closer their u. is with Christ, the closer
is their mutual u., 23. Interior freedom gives
u. and harmony to their entire being, 41.1.
The members must be in favour of whatever
works towards the u. of those who believe
in Christ 013.
|| in councils, 0108, 0159a; in
civil law, 69, 70; of act of administration,
0193c; of act of General Council, 0126; of
holding chapter, 0152d; of novitiate, 86.2a,
065; of renunciation of office, 097, 0154.
||6, 36, 66, 83, 91, 012, 0193,
|| 1. In general. Every Superior
has a V. who supplies for him in office when
he is absent, impeded or has left office,
110a, 117, 140, 0153. The V. acts in accord
with the will of the Superior, 0101, and supports
his authority, 0102. The (Vice)-provincial
Statutes determine when the V. supplies for
the Superior, 0103. The V. precedes the consultors,
2. The V. General. Elected by the General
Chapter, 100, he is a General Consultor, 117.
His competence, 117. The pro-V, 0123b.
3. The (Vice)-provincial V. His designation
and confirmation, 0128, 0153. Ordinarily he
is chosen from among the Councillors, 127,
133. His competence, 127. His replacement
and resignation, 0153, 0154.
4. The local V. Appointment and competence,
||cf. Province, Regime, Government.
||V. to the Blessed Sacrament,
The superior General directly or indirectly
v. the (Vice)-Provinces, 114c. The (Vice)-provincial
Superior must make a canonical v. of the whole
province at least every three years. The Provincial
Superior v. the vice-Provinces periodically,
||The Congregation is called by
God to fulfil its missionary work, 13. The
option for the poor is the distinctive mark
of fidelity to the v. received, 5. The members
are called to continue the presence and redemptive
mission of Christ, 23. They must freely open
their hearts to others, in accordance with
the demands of the apostolic c. The community
puts itself at the service of each ones v.
and enriches it, 37. Community gatherings
strengthen hope in our v., 126, 133. All the
confreres promote v. for our Congregation,
The most effective way of promoting v. is
prayer and example of life, 80.
Each (Vice)-province must create suitable
structures for encouraging, seeking out and
developing v., 050, 0530. New methods need
to be found for promoting late v. 052. The
process of formation includes the selection
of v., 77. Formators try to exercise discernment
over the v. of candidates, 83. The novitiate
should give scope for the candidates to be
able to assess the authenticity of their v.,
On the missionary v. of the Congregation,
cf. 90 and 23.
|| cf. Will.
|Vote, active and
||If the absence of a confrere
is not justified on grounds of study, health
or Redemptorist work, he loses his a. and
p. v., 0211
In general, 101, 086b, 0110,
absolute majority in, 109a, 0108a, 0110a,
consultative, 102, 066, 070, 078, 081, 0118,
0127, 0138.b, 0142, 0150, 0162, 0167, 0191b1,
deliberative, 0108a, 0162. Cf. Consent.
in councils, 0109, 0110b.
The v. of councillors can be consultative
or deliberative, and sometimes collegial,
101, 0162. The DS list the relevant case.
In councils the v. is open, but becomes
secret if one of the members of the council
requests it, or the law expressly prescribes
in collegial acts, 06b, 0109, 0162.
Cf. Collegiality, Consultors, Council,
of Superior General, 0151.
Qualified majority in, 109b1,3, 110b, 116b
0118, 0119, 0123a, 0141, 0152b-3.
The v. of the Congregation
were made according to the arrangements
of St. Alphonsus, HP. Candidates are incorporated
into the Congregation by v. of poverty,
chastity and obedience, 56, 85. To the act
of perpetual profession a v. and oath of
perseverance is added, 76.
Temporary v. are made for at least a year,
072. Not more than six years should elapse
between novitiate and perpetual profession,
The v. of poverty is regulated by the decrees
of Pius X and Benedict XV, contained in
the Appendices, 042.
Only the Supreme Pontiff or the Superior
General can dispense from v. made in the
Congregation, 145. In the case of a dismissal,
the v. are dissolved after the confirmation
by the Holy See of the decree of dismissal,
or after the declaration of the fact, 146.
cf. Chastity, Obedience, Poverty, Perseverance,
||of God: 32, 48, 52, 71, 72, 73,
of Superior: 0100. Cf. Testament, Patrimony,
are w. of the Gospel, 7. When they cannot
directly proclaim the Gospel, they give w.
by charity to Christ, 9. The silent w. of
fraternal presence, 8. The w. of the hope
that is in them, 10, 19, 43. W. of conversion,
Apostolic zeal towards the faithful, who have
ordinary means of pastoral help, who need
to bear w. to the faith in daily life, 3,
12. By their consecration to the mission of
Christ, they are w. to the resurrection, 1.
They give personal and community w. to evangelical
poverty, 62, 63, 046.2.
Evangelical obedience gives w. to the world
of the authentic freedom of the sons of God,
Candidates must be heralds and w. of the wisdom
of the Gospel, 83.
Authentic acts of profession subscribed by
||The end of the Congregation is
to follow the example of Christ in reaching
the w. of God to the poor, 1. The principal
mission of Redemptorists in the Church is
the explicit proclamation of the w. of God,
With the spiritual help of the Nuns of the
Order of the Most Holy Redeemer, the w. of
God is spread and received with honour, 08.
The effects of the w. of God n those who receive
it, 12, 28. The confreres must be in continual
contact with the w. of God, 27, 28.
Candidates should be filled with the w. of
God which they have to proclaim, 81. To preserve
charity one must believe in the ww. of the
Redemptorists proclaim Christ in simplicity
of w. and of life, 20; they invoke the Holy
Spirit, who puts the appropriate word on their
lips, 10. Also: 2, 19, 42, 83, 09, 056.
||cf. Apostolic activity, labour.
||St. Alphonsus was always convinced
that the Congregation was called to collaborate
with the Church in winning the whole w. to
The members keep in mind that the Church has
received the mandate to transform the w. in
Christ, 021; they are the Gospel leaven in
the w., 01.
They ask themselves whether the forms of evangelization
in use correspond to the expectations of the
Church and of the w., 17. They identify with
Christ for the redemption of the w., 52.
They are missionaries even when they are suffering
and dying for the salvation of the w., 55.
The community must be open to the w., 43,
Candidates must study the problems of the
w., 81. The confreres should be aware of the
problems which trouble the w., 044. Gospel
obedience gives witness before the w. to the
freedom of the children of God.
||The confreres must be specially
dedicated to the formation of y., 014d, to
the promotion of vocations among y. 80, to
finding new ways whereby y. can exercise choice
more freely, 052. The lives of the sick, elderly
or suffering confreres can be a source of
good inspiration for y., 034. On the formation
of y., cf. 053.
||Redemptorists burn with z. 20.
Animated by the z. of the Founder, they form
an apostolic community, 2. In the face of
the needs of our times, they imitate the apostolic
z. of the Founder, 33. They revere St. John
Neumann, model of pastoral z., 05. Every kind
of material, spiritual or moral poverty must
stimulate their apostolic z, 044. They keep
in mind that the best and most effective means
of promoting vocations is constant prayer
and apostolic z., 80.